Rupert Murdoch is an Australian American media mogul and founder of global media holding company News Corporation. Owner of British tabloid The Sun and broadsheet The Times, Murdoch's News Corp went on to acquire Twentieth Century Fox, HarperCollins, The Wall Street Journal and BSkyB. In July 2011 Murdoch faced allegations that his companies, including the News of the World, had been regularly hacking the phones of celebrities, royalty and public citizens. He faced police and government investigations into bribery and corruption by the British government and FBI investigations in the US. On 21 July 2012, Murdoch resigned as a director of News International.
'Outsider mentality' pits Murdoch against the elite, says new book
Author says media tycoon still sees himself as anti-establishment despite wide influence
Rupert Murdoch still sees himself as an anti-establishment outsider, even after building the most powerful media empire on the planet, a new book says.
Murdoch's World: The Last of the Old Media Empires by David Folkenflik says the Australian-born US magnate remains distrustful of governments following his long history of battling regulators in several countries.
Murdoch's executives "have always defined themselves by [the company's] enemies - unions, liberal elites, The New York Times, the BBC, The Guardian and the Australian Broadcasting Corp; self-satisfied politicians, red-tape happy government regulators, the leftist university professoriate," the author writes.
"It is the defining contradiction of Rupert Murdoch's corporation that it has accumulated more influence than any other media company in the world and yet remains convinced of its status as an outsider."
Murdoch, who is under pressure from a phone-hacking scandal in Britain and recently split the huge News Corp conglomerate into separate companies focusing on entertainment and publishing, has long had "contempt" for much of what government does, the book argues.
"Murdoch comes by that contempt for government intervention by way of personal experience," Folkenflik writes in the book released this week.
"He is a man whose very history tells him that regulations are designed to trip him up. He is an executive who has built up his own empire after seeing his family's holdings shrink from taxes levied on his father's estate. He is an entrepreneur who repeatedly had to win permission to buy television and newspaper properties in all three English-speaking countries in which he became a dominant presence."
The book maintains that Murdoch and his executives "convinced themselves the establishment loathed the corporation", despite the fact that their top lieutenants were courted by prime ministers and their top executives were often culled from the establishment's ranks.
Folkenflik, a media reporter for National Public Radio in the US, said Murdoch personally sees global warming as a problem but that he allows his news organisations to cast doubt on the issue. "Murdoch's belief in the need to contain climate change was pitted against his hatred for central government regulation," the book says.
"So he set a corporate example but refused to endorse a mandate ... he sees the environmental movement littered with alarmists, a cadre of managerial elitists who snatch away power and property and wealth from his working- and middle-class tabloid readers."
Folkenflik said Murdoch, 82, has not publicly named a successor but that his son James was best placed.
The appointment of James as deputy chief operating officer and chief executive of international operations in 2011 "formalised his status as heir apparent", the book said, though many believe his handling of the phone hacking scandal in Britain damaged his credibility.