US National Security Agency
America's National Security Agency (NSA) is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defence responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence. The NSA is a key component of the US Intelligence community, which is headed by the Director of National Intelligence. By law, the NSA's intelligence gathering is limited to foreign communications although there have been some incidents involving domestic collection, including the NSA warrantless surveillance controversy.
Obama knew about Merkel phone taps, says German media
Newspaper suggests US agencies were spying on Merkel's communications since 2002 - and that was before she became chancellor
US President Barack Obama was personally informed of mobile phone tapping against German Chancellor Angela Merkel, which may have begun as early as 2002, German media reported yesterday as a damaging espionage scandal widened.
Bild am Sonntag newspaper quoted US intelligence sources as saying that National Security Agency chief Keith Alexander briefed Obama on the operation against Merkel in 2010. "Obama did not halt the operation, but rather let it continue," the newspaper quoted a high-ranking NSA official as saying.
When Merkel confronted Obama with the snooping allegations in a phone call on Wednesday, Obama told Merkel that he had been unaware of any spying against her, Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung reported. It did not cite its sources.
News weekly Der Spiegel said he told her that if he had been informed of the operation he would have stopped it at once. Other media reports said that Obama's national security adviser Susan Rice had also told German officials the president knew nothing of the spying.
Merkel's office declined to comment on what Obama told her during their talk.
Bild am Sonntag said that Obama wanted to be informed in detail about Merkel, who has played a decisive role in the euro-zone debt crisis and is widely seen as Europe's most powerful leader.
As a result, the report said, the NSA stepped up its surveillance of her communications, targeting not only the mobile phone she uses to conduct business for her conservative Christian Democratic Union party, but also her encrypted official device.
It said US intelligence specialists were then able to monitor the content of her conversations as well as text messages, which Merkel sends by the dozen each day to key associates. Bild said only the specially secured land line in her office was out of the reach of US spies.
The intelligence gathered was forwarded straight to the White House, without bypassing the NSA headquarters in Fort Meade, Maryland, according to the report.
Bild and Spiegel described a hive of spy activity on the fourth floor of the US embassy in central Berlin, a stone's throw from the government quarter, from which the US kept tabs on Merkel and other German officials.
Der Spiegel reported that leaked NSA documents showed that Merkel's phone had appeared on a list of spying targets since 2002, and was still under surveillance shortly before Obama visited Berlin in June.
If the spying against Merkel began as early as 2002, it would mean the United States under then president George W. Bush targeted her while she was still the country's chief opposition leader, three years before she became chancellor.
Bild said that Merkel's predecessor Gerhard Schroeder was also in the NSA's sights because of his vocal opposition to the US invasion of Iraq. Bush was also mistrustful of the Social Democrat because of his close ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin, the report added.
As anger simmered in Berlin over the alleged NSA action, Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich sharpened his tone against Washington.
"Surveillance is a crime and those responsible must be brought to justice," he told Bild am Sonntag.
Germany will send its own spy chiefs to Washington soon to demand answers.