US National Security Agency
America's National Security Agency (NSA) is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defence responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence. The NSA is a key component of the US Intelligence community, which is headed by the Director of National Intelligence. By law, the NSA's intelligence gathering is limited to foreign communications although there have been some incidents involving domestic collection, including the NSA warrantless surveillance controversy.
US Senate intelligence panel chair pledges ‘major review’ of NSA surveillance
The US Senate Intelligence Committee’s chairwoman said on Tuesday she is “totally opposed” to the collection of intelligence on US allies by the National Security Agency and that oversight of such surveillance must be strengthened.
“Unless the United States is engaged in hostilities against a country or there is an emergency need for this type of surveillance, I do not believe the United States should be collecting phone calls or emails of friendly presidents and prime ministers,” Senator Dianne Feinstein said in a statement after reports that the NSA had bugged German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s mobile phone and eavesdropped on the communications of other foreign leaders.
Feinstein has been a staunch defender of some of the NSA programmes leaked to the media by former contractor Edward Snowden, arguing that they play an important role in the fight against global terrorism.
But the California Democrat said the surveillance of foreign leaders was different.
“Unlike NSA’s collection of phone records under a court order, it is clear to me that certain surveillance activities have been in effect for more than a decade and that the Senate Intelligence Committee was not satisfactorily informed,” she said.
“With respect to NSA collection of intelligence on leaders of US allies – including France, Spain, Mexico and Germany -let me state unequivocally: I am totally opposed,” Feinstein said.
She said the White House had told her that such collections of information from allies would not continue. But she said the Senate intelligence panel would begin “a major review” into all of the collection programs.
“It is my understanding that President Obama was not aware Chancellor Merkel’s communications were being collected since 2002. That is a big problem,” Feinstein said.