Mohammed Mursi is a leading member of the Muslim Brotherhood and former president of Egypt, assuming office on 30 June 2012. He was unseated in a military coup on 3 July 2013 by the Egyptian defence minister Abdul Fatah Khalil Al-Sisi following widespread democracy protests across the country and calls for his resignation by leading opposition party members.
Mohammed Mursi and Muslim Brotherhood members to stand trial
The charges, which include conspiring with foreign groups, could result in their execution
Reuters in Cairo
Egypt's public prosecutor ordered the former president, Mohammed Mursi, and 35 Islamists to stand trial on charges including conspiring with foreign groups to commit terrorist acts in Egypt and divulging military secrets to a foreign state.
The charges levelled yesterday against Mursi and other top Muslim Brotherhood members could result in their execution.
Mursi is already standing trial for inciting violence during protests outside the presidential palace a year ago when he was still in office. He was deposed in July by the army following mass rallies against his rule.
In a statement, the prosecutor said the Brotherhood had committed acts of violence and terrorism in Egypt and prepared a "terrorist plan" that included an alliance with the Palestinian group Hamas and Lebanon's Hezbollah. There was no immediate comment from Hamas or Hezbollah.
The charge sheet called it "the biggest case of conspiracy in the history of Egypt". It accused the Brotherhood of carrying out attacks on security forces in North Sinai after Mursi was deposed on July 3.
It said the Brotherhood had hatched a plan dating back to 2005 that would send "elements" to the Gaza Strip for military training by Hezbollah and the Iranian Revolutionary Guards.
Upon their return to Egypt, they would join forces with extremist groups in the Sinai Peninsula, it said.
The group exploited the chaos that followed the 2011 uprising that toppled President Hosni Mubarak, carrying out attacks on security forces in North Sinai and elsewhere, it said.
The group aimed to establish an "Islamic emirate" in North Sinai had Mursi not been declared president. The statement added that Mursi's presidential aides including Essam el-Haddad, his national security adviser, had leaked secret reports to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah as a reward for their co-operation.
Egypt has launched a fierce crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood since Mursi was removed from power, killing hundreds of his supporters.