30-year-old American Edward Snowden, a contract employee at the National Security Agency, is the whistleblower behind significant revelations that surfaced in June 2013 about the US government's top secret, extensive domestic surveillance programmes. Snowden flew to Hong Kong from Hawaii in May 2013, and supplied confidential US government documents to media outlets including the Guardian.
Reports that US spied on Israel revives calls to free jailed spy Jonathan Pollard
Israel’s intelligence minister called reported US wiretapping of an Israeli premier “unacceptable” as the story on Sunday rekindled calls for the release of jailed Israeli spy Jonathan Pollard.
“We have of late exceptional intelligence relations with the United States and the British, it’s almost one intelligence community,” Yuval Steinitz told private television Channel 2’s Meet the Press late on Saturday.
“Under such conditions I think it is unacceptable,” Steinitz said.
“We do not spy on the president of the United States or the White House. The rules have been made clear. We have made certain commitments on the matter and we honour them.”
The New York Times reported on Friday that in monitoring more than 1,000 targets in upwards of 60 countries between 2008 to 2011, US and British intelligence agencies tapped the communications of then Israeli premier Ehud Olmert, among other foreign leaders, according to secret documents revealed by intelligence contractor Edward Snowden.
MP Nachman Shai, a diplomat in Israel’s Washington embassy in the early 1980s, said on Sunday that he had called a debate on the affair in an influential parliamentary committee.
“Our working assumption was that we are being listened to, including by the Americans, but that doesn’t make it permissible or... ethical, and at the end of the day, when it is discovered, it cannot be ignored,” he told public radio.
“I have asked for a debate by the Knesset foreign affairs and defence committee,” he added.
“We need to know if the US listened in to us, what it listened to and what should be our response.”
Shai said Israel and its close strategic ally had agreed not to spy upon one another in the wake of the 1985 arrest in Washington of Jonathan Pollard, a former US Navy analyst, who gave Israel thousands of secret documents about US espionage in the Arab world.
‘Cell door should be opened’
Pollard was sentenced to life imprisonment, and reports that the US also spied on its friends brought fresh calls for his release.
These were amplified by a report in the daily Yediot Aharonot on Sunday that in 2007, when Ehud Barak was defence minister, the US embassy in Tel Aviv rented an apartment opposite Barak’s penthouse and moved in “a large quantity of electronic equipment”.
“If it’s true it is very, very grave,” MP Tzahi Hanegbi of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud party told Israeli army radio.
“That’s classic espionage, (the same activity) for which Jonathan Pollard has been in prison for almost 30 years.
“If it’s true, Pollard’s cell door should be opened and he should be allowed to go home before this day is out,” Hanegbi added.
Veteran Israeli diplomatic writer Shimon Shiffer, commenting in Yediot, said Israeli leaders, assuming that their communications were bugged, sometimes sought to turn that to their advantage.
He recalled Ariel Sharon’s brief term as defence minister under late premier Menachem Begin, when he went on missions to Egypt after the two countries signed their historic 1979 peace treaty.
Sharon, Shiffer wrote, would make calls to Israel complementing progress in Egypt and heaping praise on president Hosni Mubarak, in the expectation that Cairo would be listening in.
But the ruse backfired when on one trip Sharon called home to speak to his mother, Vera.
“Don’t believe a single word from those Arabs, they’re all liars,” the paper quoted her as telling Sharon - and Egyptian intelligence eavesdroppers.
Maariv’s Nadav Eyal made a tongue-in-cheek reference to allegations that the US also tapped German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s phone.
“If Angela Merkel’s personal phone was tapped by the Americans, what can Israel expect? It would almost be an insult if the US didn’t try it.”