Vatican is asked to beatify 16th century China evangelist Matteo Ricci
Giuliodori said the bid to beatify Ricci comes as Francis tries to build better relations with China
Agence France-Presse in Vatican City
"The papers for the beatification process for father Matteo Ricci have been received by the Congregation for the Causes of Saints," Claudio Giuliodori of the Macerata diocese in southern Italy, where the Jesuit was born in 1552, said on Friday.
Ricci, who died in Beijing in 1610, has been held up several times by the Jesuit pontiff as an exemplary evangelist.
"We must always ask forgiveness and look with shame upon the apostolic failures brought about by a lack of courage. I am thinking, for example, of the pioneering intuitions of Matteo Ricci which, at the time, were abandoned," Francis said in a speech in November.
During his lifetime, Ricci embodied a new approach to spreading the Catholic faith into the local culture in China.
One of the first Jesuits to live in the country, he studied the language and culture and gained a widespread reputation as a learned scholar, even receiving an invitation to Emperor Wanli's imperial court.
But despite his initial success in spreading the Christian word, the Vatican distrusted his idea of mixing Catholic dogma with Chinese culture.
The modern-day relationship between the two states is fraught with tension. The Communist Party broke ties with the Vatican in 1951 and six years later set up the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association, which does not recognise the pope as its head.
Giuliodori said the bid to beatify Ricci came as Francis tried to build better relations with China.
"I hope that, thanks to Pope Francis' support, evangelisation and dialogue with China will be stimulated," he said.
Francis is particularly interested in Asia, which he believes offers great opportunities for evangelisation.