Rosetta spacecraft in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko landing bid

PUBLISHED : Tuesday, 21 January, 2014, 10:58pm
UPDATED : Tuesday, 21 January, 2014, 10:58pm


Waking up after almost three years of hibernation, a comet-chasing spacecraft yesterday sent its first signal back to earth, prompting cheers from scientists who hope to use it to land the first space lander onto a comet.

The European Space Agency received the all-clear message from its Rosetta spacecraft at 1.18am Hong Kong time - a message that had to travel 800 million kilometres.

The probe triggered a series of "Hello World!" tweets in different languages.

Dormant systems on the unmanned spacecraft were switched back on in preparation for the final stage of its decade-long mission to rendezvous with the comet named 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Systems had been powered down in 2011 to conserve energy, leaving scientists in the dark about the probe's fate until now.

"I think it's been the longest hour of my life," said Andrea Accomazzo, the spacecraft's operations manager at ESA's mission control room in Darmstadt, Germany. "Now we have it back."

Scientists will now take control of Rosetta again, a procedure slowed by the 45 minutes it takes a signal to travel to and from the spacecraft.

The wake-up call was one of the final milestones for Rosetta before it makes its rendezvous with comet 67P in the summer. The probe will then fly a series of complicated manoeuvres to observe the comet before dropping a lander called Philae onto its icy surface in November. The lander will dig up samples and analyse them with its instruments.