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  • Aug 29, 2014
  • Updated: 11:16am
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BRITAIN

Open 600,000 secret British files, scholars demand

Dossiers could cast new light on Britain's role in slave trade and cold war, academics argue

PUBLISHED : Friday, 24 January, 2014, 12:08am
UPDATED : Friday, 24 January, 2014, 5:10pm

Eminent British scholars have challenged the government to release a cache of secret files dating back almost 400 years that they say could spur a reappraisal of some contentious episodes of British colonial history and the cold war.

The foreign ministry only publicly admitted the existence of the so-called "special collection" of 600,000 dossiers in 2011, when an historian came across a 45-year-old memo that referred to it. Among the documents are reports on the slave trade dating back to 1662.

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office says it did not have the resources to sort through the files, despite laws requiring disclosure, but that it is now reviewing them to prioritise material of greatest public interest for release.

But a group of 27 scholars from the British Academy used a letter to The Guardian to demand all available records be released to ensure a full account of Britain's colonial past or the espionage mysteries of the cold war.

"The government must release these files," said Richard Evans, a professor of history at Cambridge who is an expert in German history and one of the signatories to the letter.

"A full and objective account of Britain's colonial past, involvement in the cold war and many other important historical topics will only be possible when they are freely available. Of course, I can't say how they might change our view of the past since I don't know what's in them."

From the realpolitik of Britain's imperial past and the African slave trade to the betrayals of KGB double agents during the cold war, the true historical worth of the documents is unknown, historians say.

"Because we haven't seen full listings of these documents, I don't want to speculate, but the fact is we do know these are very important materials," said David Anderson, a history professor at the University of Warwick.

Held in six boxes, for example, could be important material related to slavery. Simply entitled "Slave trade reports", the boxes contain 18 files from the period 1662 to 1873.

Three years ago, Anderson was an expert witness in a court case brought against the British government by 5,200 Kenyans who say they were tortured by Britain's colonial forces during the 1950s Mau Mau insurgency.

Forced to make public documents on Kenya after Anderson found a 45-year-old Whitehall memo that referred to the materials, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office also disclosed the existence of hundreds of thousands of other hidden files.

Some history could need to be revised in the light of the new files, Anderson said.

The unexplained secrecy of such a large cache of documents has fuelled suspicions that they could contain surprises for those Britons with a benevolent view of British foreign policy.

In Anderson's view, standout items in the trove could include nuggets to do with the cold war, perhaps shedding new light on the activities of Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, two spies acting for the Soviet Union.

"The trouble is we don't know what's there," said Margaret MacMillan, a professor of history at Oxford. "Are there things tucked away in there which would actually make me change my view on, for example, the British role at the Paris peace conference [after the first world war], because I thought I'd seen everything that was there to be seen."

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pslhk
Oxford is an old university
with a history of supposedly many hundreds of years
but some of its scholars have only recently become cognizant
of the need to consult 600,000 (?) of Britain’s secret files
of the past 400 years
-
What about the academic integrity
of those histories published by OUP
and histories written by Oxford scholars
on relevant subjects in the past 400 years?
-
If the selective displays at British Museum
haven’t inspired them in the past
don’t expect too much from their preemptive gestures
of asking for disclosure now
when global scholarship is being emancipated
from consequential prejudices of WW1&2& Cold
-
We should learn from a cunning Nobel literature laureate
not to generalize as even a lair can tell the truth sometimes:
“History will judge us kindly, because I shall write the history”
Thus we may review the naive dealyed echo
“the immense intellectual prowess and curiosity
by British’s academics, no less Oxford’s”
-
Patten’s predecessor in title at Oxford
admitted that the dated institution was crumpling
then the great showman took over
what followed is again history
johnyuan
To psl,
.
.“the immense intellectual prowess and curiosity by British’s academics, no less Oxford’s”
.
I still stand by this statement. It is both the British and Chinese characteristic in their respective culture. Historically for Chinese at least.
.
I welcome for better information that other culture has taken the place of the British.

johnyuan
Given the immense intellectual prowess and curiosity by British’s academics, no less Oxford’s, I hope these historians would get their hands on those 18 files. If these files which cover 400 years of British colonial affairs, I hope it included Hong Kong. What holds most important to current Hong Kong is the Ding Uk deal that the colonial government struck up with the NT indigenous.
.
Through the research I hope it would tell us more what did the British know and worry about the indigenous even then. A knowledge perhaps would clear up a bit of their identity that only rumored by Hong Kong public without any input from official information.
 
 
 
 
 

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