Launched in February 2004, Facebook is a social networking service founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommates and fellow students Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. Early investors include Microsoft and Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka- shing, through his namesake charitable foundation. Facebook’s US$16 billion initial public offering in May 2012 generated huge investor interest although the shares subsequently slumped in price.
Facebook gives 50 options to identify gender like androgynous, transsexual
Users to be able to describe themselves as androgynous or transsexual for example
You do not have to be male or female on Facebook anymore. The social media company is adding a customisable option with about 50 different terms people can use to identify their gender as well as three preferred pronoun choices: him, her or them.
Facebook said the changes, which took effect on Thursday, initially covered the company's 159 million monthly users in the US and were aimed at giving people more choices in how they describe themselves, such as androgynous, bi-gender, intersex, gender fluid or transsexual.
Facebook plans to take it global after working with activists abroad to come up with terms appropriate in other countries.
"There's going to be a lot of people for whom this is going to mean nothing, but for the few it does impact, it means the world," said Facebook software engineer Brielle Harrison, who worked on the project and was undergoing gender transformation from male to female. She said she was changing her Facebook identity from female to transwoman.
"All too often transgender people like myself and other gender-nonconforming people are given this binary option: do you want to be male or female? What is your gender? And it's kind of disheartening because none of those let us tell others who we really are," she said. "This really changes that, and for the first time I get to go to the site and specify to all the people I know what my gender is."
Facebook, which has 1.23 billion active monthly users around the world, also allows users to keep their gender identity private and will continue to do so.
The Williams Institute, a think tank in Los Angeles, estimates that at least 700,000 individuals in the US identify as transgender, an umbrella term that includes people who live as a gender different from the one assigned to them at birth.
The Human Rights Campaign last year found that 10 per cent of the 10,000 lesbian, gay, bisexual transgender youths it surveyed used "other" or wrote in their own gender terms.
"Over the past few years, a person's Facebook profile truly has become their online identity, and now Facebook has taken a milestone step to allow countless people to more honestly and accurately represent themselves," the president of Human Rights Campaign, Chad Griffin, said.
"Facebook's action is one that I hope others heed in supporting individuals' multifaceted identities," he added.
The change to the gender selection option is seen as a step toward acceptance for people who do not self-identify as male or female. Still, the high-profile development seemed senseless to those who believe in two genders.
"Of course Facebook is entitled to manage its wildly popular site as it sees fit, but here is the bottom line: it's impossible to deny the biological reality that humanity is divided into two halves: male and female," said Jeff Johnston, an issues analyst for Focus on the Family, a national religious organisation.