World Health Organisation halves daily recommended sugar intake

Experts at World Health Organisation now say daily sugar consumption should be just 5pc of total calories to combat obesity and tooth decay

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 06 March, 2014, 1:30am
UPDATED : Thursday, 06 March, 2014, 1:30am


The World Health Organisation says your daily sugar intake should be just 5 per cent of your total calories - half of what the agency previously recommended, according to new draft guidelines published yesterday.

After a review of about 9,000 studies, WHO's expert panel says dropping sugar intake to that level will combat obesity and cavities. That includes sugars added to foods and those present in honey, syrups and fruit juices, but not those occurring naturally in fruits.

Americans and others in the West eat a lot more sugar than that: their average sugar intake would have to drop by two-thirds to meet WHO's suggested limit.

WHO's new guidelines have been published online and the agency is inviting the public to comment via its website until the end of March.

Many doctors applauded the UN agency's attempt to limit the global sweet tooth.

"The less sugar you're eating, the better," said Dr Robert Lustig, a professor of paediatrics at the University of California and author of a book about the dangers of sugar. "If the sugar threshold is lowered, I think breakfast cereal is going to have a really hard time justifying its existence," he said, referring to sweetened cereals often targeted to children.

When WHO last revised its sugar guidelines more than a decade ago, it recommended sugar should be less than 10 per cent of daily calories. The US sugar industry was so incensed it lobbied Congress to threaten to withdraw millions of dollars in funding to WHO. A contentious reference to the sugar limit was removed from a global diet strategy but the recommendation passed.

Lustig said WHO's new guidelines could alter the food environment by forcing manufacturers to rethink how they were using sugar in processed foods such as bread, soups, pasta sauces and even salad dressings. He called the amount of sugar in processed food an "absolute, unmitigated disaster".

WHO's expert group found high sugar consumption is strongly linked to obesity and tooth decay. It noted that heavy people have a higher risk of chronic diseases, responsible for more than 60 per cent of global deaths. Dental care costs up to 10 per cent of health budgets in Western countries and cause significant problems in the developing world.

WHO warned many sugars eaten are hidden in processed foods, pointing out that one tablespoon of ketchup contains about one teaspoon of sugar.

There is no universally agreed consensus on how much sugar is too much. The American Heart Association advises limiting sugar to about 8 per cent of your diet, or six teaspoons a day for women and nine for men.

A study led by the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention published last month found too much sugar can raise the chances of fatal heart problems. Researchers found the average American gets about 15 per cent of their calories from sugar, similar to other Western nations.

New nutrition labels proposed in the US will also require food manufacturers to list any added sugars, plus a more prominent calorie count.

This week, Britain's chief medical officer, Dr Sally Davies, said she thought sugar might be addictive and that the government should consider introducing a sugar tax to curb bulging waistlines. The UK has one of the fattest populations in western Europe.