African migrants cross border fence from Morocco to Spanish enclave
About 1,000 Africans rush fence, with half of them making it to enclave
About 500 migrants stormed across the border fence from Morocco into the Spanish territory of Melilla yesterday in one of the biggest such crossings in years, a government official there said.
About 1,000 Africans rushed the triple-layer fence separating the Spanish enclave from Morocco in a "violent" assault and half of them made it across, said the Spanish governor of Melilla, Abdelmalik El Barkani.
"Helped by the bad weather and fog, a big group of about 1,000 tried to enter and about 500 sub-Saharans succeeded," he said during a news conference. He said the attempt, the latest in a string of desperate bids by Africans trying to reach Europe, was "one of the biggest in recent years".
Spanish and Moroccan officials said some of the migrants threw stones at members of the security forces. The Moroccan interior ministry said five police officers were hurt.
The ministry said 102 migrants were arrested, including 28 who were injured by barbed wire on the top of the fences and who were taken to hospital in the nearby Moroccan town of Nador for treatment.
A further 150 migrants were arrested overnight in an earlier, failed attempt to scale the fences, the ministry said.
Melilla forms one of Europe's only two land borders with Africa, along with another Spanish territory, Ceuta, to the west. The two cities sit across the Mediterranean from mainland Spain, surrounded by Moroccan territory, and are a key entry point for migrants who are seeking a better life in Europe.
The number of Africans trying to cross into the territories has surged over recent months.
More than 200 migrants stormed over the fence into Melilla on February 28, leaving 35 injured according to officials and rights groups. Others have tried to sail to Spain's north African territories or to the mainland in flimsy vessels or enter the country hidden under car seats.
More and more migrants are trying to get to Ceuta and Melilla in a bid to reach Spain, preferring to go by land rather than by sea, where controls have increased. Many are still trying to enter Europe by sea, however.
Rights groups and witnesses accused Spanish security forces of firing rubber bullets at the migrants in the water.
The government admitted using rubber bullets but denied its forces had targeted the migrants directly.
It later banned civil guards policing the border from using rubber bullets to repel migrants.