US National Security Agency
America's National Security Agency (NSA) is a cryptologic intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defence responsible for the collection and analysis of foreign communications and foreign signals intelligence. The NSA is a key component of the US Intelligence community, which is headed by the Director of National Intelligence. By law, the NSA's intelligence gathering is limited to foreign communications although there have been some incidents involving domestic collection, including the NSA warrantless surveillance controversy.
Germany opens criminal probe over Merkel phone tapping
Agence France-Presse in Berlin
Germany’s federal prosecutor said on Wednesday he had opened an investigation over alleged snooping by the US National Security Agency (NSA) on Chancellor Angela Merkel’s mobile phone.
“I informed parliament’s legal affairs committee that I have started a preliminary investigation over tapping of a mobile phone of the chancellor,” Harald Range said.
The long-anticipated probe, which follows an explosive allegations last year that US spies had eavesdropped on Merkel’s mobile in the past, is against unnamed persons, Range said after addressing the committee.
However he said he had decided against opening an investigation into claims of wider NSA surveillance against German citizens.
The move may again strain Berlin’s ties with Washington that both countries’ leaders have been at pains to restore following the reports of sweeping NSA spying on Internet and phone communications overseas, which Merkel has described as “grave”.
Data-sensitive Germans reacted with outrage to the accusations by fugitive intelligence contractor Edward Snowden amid sensitivity over mass state spying on citizens by the Stasi secret police in the former communist East.
A parliamentary panel has been established to assess the extent of spying by the NSA and its partners on German citizens and politicians, and whether German intelligence aided its activities.
Recent reports that Range did not plan to go ahead with the wider probe had prompted anger from some politicians.
US President Barack Obama sought to quell the international furore over the reports, announcing in January that he had halted spy taps on friendly world leaders and curtailed the reach of mass NSA phone surveillance.
In an interview with a German TV channel a day later he assured Merkel that he would not let intrusive surveillance harm their relationship, but said intelligence gathering on foreign governments would continue.