UN is an international organisation founded after World War II aims to provide a dialogue platform between countries, fortifying international corporation and preventing future wars. There are currently 193 members lead by five permanent members of the Security Council - US, Russia, UK, France, and China. The organization currently has six principal organs: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Secretariat, International Court of Justice, and the Trusteeship Council.
Uganda's Sam Kutesa elected UN General Assembly president
Associated Press in New York
The UN General Assembly unanimously elected Uganda's Foreign Minister Sam Kutesa to be its next president amid controversy over his country's anti-gay laws and allegations that he abused his office and accepted bribes from foreign companies.
The largely ceremonial but prestigious job of president rotates annually by region. Kutesa will take over from current president John Ashe, of Antigua, at the start of the 69th session of the General Assembly in September.
Critics said Kutesa did not deserve the job, pointing to Uganda's aggressive law that allows jail terms of up to life for those convicted of engaging in gay sex. Activists say he supported the law.
"I have never been found corrupt," Kutesa told reporters immediately after the election on Wednesday. "I'm not homophobic, and I believe that I'm [the right] person to lead this organisation for the next session."
Two Democratic senators from New York criticised Kutesa's appointment, and more than 9,000 people signed an online petition urging US Secretary of State John Kerry and UN member states to block him from taking up the post. It cites his implication in corruption scandals at home and his alleged role in the enactment of the anti-gay law.
A wealthy businessman and long-time member of parliament, Kutesa, 65, is widely seen by critics to have benefited from his close ties with Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, an increasingly authoritarian leader who has held power for nearly three decades. Kutesa's daughter is married to Museveni's son.
Kutesa was ousted as a junior investment minister by Ugandan lawmakers over charges he abused his office. Since 1999, he has been implicated in at least two bribery scandals.
As General Assembly president, he said he would focus on achieving UN anti-poverty goals by 2015, formulating a new set of goals for 2030, tackling climate change which he called "one of the defining global challenges of our time", and promoting gender equality.
While there was no direct criticism of Kutesa in speeches after his election, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said he would be called on to strengthen the UN's efforts "to end all forms of discrimination and ensure that each and every member of the human family can enjoy their fundamental human rights".
Britain's UN Ambassador Mark Lyall Grant, speaking on behalf of Western nations at the UN, also called on Kutesa "to advance the protection, promotion and realisation of human rights for all people without discrimination or distinction of any kind or for any reason".
US Ambassador Samantha Power said in a statement that the General Assembly and its president must urgently focus on human rights "at a time when girls are attacked by radical extremists for asserting their right to an education; representatives of civil society are harassed and even imprisoned for their work; and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people are endangered for who they are, including by discriminatory laws".