Louis Zamperini, an Olympic distance runner, prisoner of war, dies at 97
Runner who spent two years in Japanese prison camps featured in bestselling book Unbroken
Louis Zamperini, an Olympic distance runner and second world war veteran who survived 47 days on a raft in the Pacific after his bomber crashed, then endured two years in Japanese prison camps, has died. He was 97.
Zamperini's death was confirmed by Universal Pictures studio spokesman Michael Moses. A family statement released early yesterday said Zamperini had been suffering from pneumonia.
Zamperini is the subject of Laura Hillenbrand's bestselling book Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption, which is being made into a movie directed by Angelina Jolie and is scheduled for a December release.
"It is a loss impossible to describe," Jolie said in a statement. "We are all so grateful for how enriched our lives are for having known him."
Zamperini competed in the 5,000-metre run at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. He finished eighth but caught attention by running the final lap in 56 seconds.
In the second world war, he was a bombardier on a US Army Air Forces bomber that crashed in the Pacific Ocean during a reconnaissance mission. He and one of the other surviving crew members drifted for 47 days on a raft in shark-infested waters before being captured by Japanese forces. He spent more than two years as a prisoner of war, surviving torture.
In May, Zamperini was named grand marshal of the 2015 Rose Parade in Pasadena, California, which next New Year's Day will feature the theme "Inspiring Stories".
In accepting the honour, Zamperini, wearing a USC cap, recalled that Hillenbrand, in researching the book, asked to interview his friends from college and the army.
"And now after the book was finished all of my college buddies are dead, all of my war buddies are dead. It's sad to realise that you've lost all your friends," he said. "But I think I made up for it. I made a new friend - Angelina Jolie. And the gal really loves me. She hugs me and kisses me, so I can't complain."
He was a guest of Jolie last year when she was presented with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Zamperini was born on January 26, 1917, in the western New York city of Olean. A group in Olean is raising funds to place a granite marker in Zamperini's honour in War Veterans Park.
He was just two years old when his parents moved the family to Southern California, where he lived for the rest of his life. Zamperini Field, a city-owned public airport in Torrance, is named in his honour.