SURVEILLANCE
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Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden granted three-year Russian residence permit

Three-year permit will put him a year away from Russian citizenship as former NSA contractor settles into life in Moscow

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 07 August, 2014, 10:42pm
UPDATED : Friday, 08 August, 2014, 4:25pm

Former US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden, wanted by the United States for leaking extensive secrets of its electronic surveillance programmes, has been given a three-year residence permit by Russia, his lawyer there said yesterday.

The announcement comes at a time when Russia's relations with the West are at cold war-era lows over its actions in Ukraine.

"The decision on the application has been taken and therefore, with effect from August 1, Edward Snowden has received a three-year residential permit," Anatoly Kucherena said. "In the future, Edward himself will take a decision on whether to stay on [in Russia] on and get Russian citizenship or leave for the United States."

He said Snowden could apply for citizenship after living in Russia for five years, in 2018, but that he had not decided whether he wanted to stay or leave.

Kucherena said Snowden was studying Russian and had an IT-related job, but did not provide details.

"He is a high-class IT specialist," he said. He added Snowden had also been helping as a rights defender.

He said Snowden's security was being taken seriously and that he was using private security guards.

"He leads a rather modest lifestyle, but nevertheless we proceed from the tone of statements that come from the US State Department and other political figures," Kucherena said. "The security issue should not be treated as a secondary one."

Snowden has led a reclusive life in Moscow, with his exact location kept a close secret. He has given only a handful of interviews and made no public appearances, although several sightings in Moscow have been reported by Russian media.

Kucherena said Snowden "moves about relatively freely and visits stores, museums and theatres."

On Tuesday pro-Kremlin website Life News ran a close-up picture of a smiling Snowden wearing a suit and sitting near a gilded pillar, saying it was taken at the historic Bolshoi theatre during an opera in July.

His lawyer has in the past expressed concerns that he could be at risk, given taken his intelligence background and the outrage over the leaks expressed by US authorities.

Snowden fled to Hong Kong and then Moscow last year after leaking details of secret state surveillance programmes.

He spent almost six weeks at Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport before Russia granted him asylum for a year on August 1 last year, upsetting Washington, which wants to try him on charges including espionage.

Snowden is believed to have taken 1.7 million digital documents with him. His leaks revealed massive programmes run by the US National Security Agency (NSA) that gathered information on hundreds of millions of Americans' emails, phone calls and Internet use.

He was charged last year in the United States with theft of government property, unauthorised communication of national defence information and wilful communication of classified intelligence to an unauthorised person.

Reuters, Agence France-Presse