US signals military options on the table after Syria gas attack
The US signalled it may take action in Syria one day after President Donald Trump said a poison-gas attack that killed scores of civilians and drew international condemnation went beyond a “red line” for him.
The Pentagon is actively developing military options for Syria, according to a US official who requested anonymity to discuss internal deliberations. The US could use standoff weapons, such as Tomahawk cruise missiles, to target Syrian military sites, another US official said.
Trump has spoken with Defence Secretary James Mattis, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, CIA Director Mike Pompeo, and National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster about the attack and US options for a response, a third administration official said. He plans to expand his discussions, the official said, on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the matter.
Tillerson said Tuesday’s attack, which outside groups said bore the hallmark of sarin gas, “is a serious matter. It requires a serious response.”
He told reporters Thursday in Palm Beach, Florida, that “steps are under way” to mobilise a coalition to remove Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, but he also said that any such effort would probably come after Islamic State terrorists in the country are defeated and some stability returns to the Middle East country.
Trump is under increased pressure to act against Assad after the April 4 attack, which killed more than 70 people, including women and children. The US president finds himself in a similar spot to his predecessor, Barack Obama, who also weighed a military response in 2013 after Assad launched a sarin gas attack killed more than 1,000 people near Damascus. Obama stepped back from open conflict after reaching an agreement with Russia that was supposed to eliminate Assad’s chemical weapons stockpile.
Since then, Syria’s six-year civil war has only become more complex. Russia intervened on Assad’s behalf in late 2015, adding to a fight that now includes Iranian, Turkish, Syrian and extremist forces. Any US escalation risks making a bad situation even worse.
The president is “being presented with a lot of options,” White House spokesman Sean Spicer said earlier Thursday, adding that he wouldn’t preview those alternatives until Trump is ready to decide. He said the president has spoken to other leaders about the possibility of setting up “safe zones” to protect civilians. While hundreds of US special forces are already inside Syria, those troops are focused on targeting Islamic State.
Republican Senator John McCain, a long-time proponent of removing Assad, said the administration should bomb runways to make sure the regime’s air force is grounded, though that could put the US in direct conflict with the Russian military. Senator Bob Corker, who heads the Foreign Relations Committee, said more pressure should be put on Russian President Vladimir Putin, who he said is supporting a “monster” and “war criminal” in Assad.
“Some type of response is necessary,” Corker told reporters. Later, in an interview on CNN, he said the president should “keep his rhetoric low” and “listen to (the) military and other advisers.“
At the United Nations, diplomats privately debated a resolution condemning the attack and demanding access to Syrian air bases by UN investigators. Russia, which has backed Assad militarily since late 2015, would probably veto that measure after putting forward a separate measure which wouldn’t compel Syria to provide such access. Tillerson is scheduled to meet with Putin next week in Moscow.
Referring to the attack and Assad’s role, Trump told reporters aboard Air Force One on Thursday that “what happened in Syria is a disgrace to humanity. And he’s there, and I guess he’s running things. So something should happen.”
The flurry of activity followed Tuesday’s attack in the northwestern province of Idlib. At the UN Security Council on Wednesday, US Ambassador Nikki Haley stood up at her desk to show diplomats photos of dying children gasping for air. She accused Russia of pushing a “false narrative” that blames rebel forces for the attack, and issued a new warning.
Russian officials on Wednesday said it is too soon to assign blame for the attack, while Syria’s government said pilots bombed what turned out to be a rebel-controlled chemical weapons stockpile. Officials at the Kremlin and Russia’s foreign ministry didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment.
As he prepared to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping in Florida on Thursday evening, the Syria attack as well as a series of missile tests by North Korea’s regime were pushing Trump to move beyond simply criticising his predecessor.
“I have to just say that the world is a mess,” Trump said at a White House news conference Wednesday. “I inherited a mess, whether it’s the Middle East, whether it’s North Korea, whether it’s so many other things.”
Trump said Tuesday’s attack had changed his calculus.
Trump has favoured the idea of creating safe zones for Syrian refugees since he was a candidate but hasn’t fully articulated a plan for how they would enforced or where they would be located.
Tillerson raised the idea last month at a State Department-organised meeting on battling Islamic State. He said the coalition fighting the terrorist organisation would seek to set up “interim zones of stability, through cease-fires, to allow refugees to return home.”
Setting up safe zones likely would require extensive military involvement, with both air and ground support, in the absence of such a cease-fire accord.
While Trump’s national security team has discussed options for Syria as well as North Korea, the president has yet to detail to Congress or the American people what he plans to do. As was the case for Obama, there’s no simple solution for either problem.
The chemical attack and latest North Korea missile launch on Wednesday ahead of Trump’s summit with Xi “are the most serious challenges he’s had to face as president,” said Nicholas Burns, a former undersecretary of state and a Harvard University professor.
“He owns this,” Burns said. “President Obama is no longer the president and President Trump has to be the one that gives us a way forward. And we have not heard that.”
Senator Ben Cardin of Maryland, the top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said it’s vital that the administration seek approval of an authorization for the use of military force if Trump plans to take military action in Syria -- or at least inform lawmakers beforehand.
“If he were to act without that process, it would be looked at as a very hostile act on presidential power versus the requirements of Congress.”
Trump himself tweeted in 2013 that Obama should seek “congressional approval” before any attack on Syria. “Big mistake if he does not!” the future president said.