Saudi-led coalition attacks killed children in Yemen, UN chief says
Secretary General Antonio Guterres says in a draft report that the Saudi-led coalition was responsible for more than half the children killed and injured in Yemen’s civil war last year.
The report, obtained Thursday by The Associated Press, said the United Nations verified 1,340 casualties and attributed 683 – representing 51 per cent – to attacks carried out by the coalition.
It said nearly three-quarters of attacks on schools and hospitals – 38 of 52 – were also carried out by the coalition.
The draft report on children and armed conflict echoes similar findings from last year when the US-backed coalition was put on a UN blacklist for violating child rights.
It was removed by then Secretary General Ban Ki-moon after Saudi Arabia and other coalition supporters threatened to stop funding many UN programmes. But Ban said he stood by the report, which said the UN verified a total of 1,953 youngsters killed and injured in Yemen in 2015 – a six-fold increase compared with 2014.
Foreign Policy magazine reported on Wednesday that Virigina Gamba, the new UN special representative for children and armed conflict, intends to recommend that the Saudi-led coalition be added to the list of countries that kill and maim children.
UN deputy spokesman Farhan Haq told reporters on Thursday that Guterres hasn’t seen the draft report that was leaked. He said its contents are still under discussion and the decision of who will be on the blacklist is up to him.
Haq said Guterres is scheduled to meet Gamba on Friday but the report isn’t expected to be completed for another month.
Saudi Arabia’s UN Mission said in a statement that the coalition maintains its position “that there is no justification whatsoever for including its name in the annex of the secretary general’s report on children and armed conflict”.
“We trust that the United Nations will make the appropriate decision on this matter,” taking into consideration an ongoing review with the UN and “the positive exchange of information” on the coalition’s activities, the statement said.
Yemen, which is on the southern edge of the Arabian Peninsula, has been engulfed in civil war since September 2014, when Houthi Shiite rebels swept into Sanaa and overthrew President Abed-Rabbo Mansour Hadi’s internationally recognised government.
In March 2015, the Saudi-led coalition began a campaign against Houthi forces allied with ousted President Ali Abdullah Saleh in support of Hadi’s government. Since then, the Iranian-backed Houthis have been dislodged from most of the south, but remain in control of Sanaa and much of the north.