James ‘Mad Dog’ Mattis sworn-in as new US secretary of defence
John Kelly becomes head of homeland security, after years of experience working with various agencies to combat human-trafficking networks and drug smuggling
The Republican-led Senate, taking little time to fill two critical national security posts, overwhelmingly confirmed a pair of retired US Marine generals tapped by President Donald Trump to run the Pentagon and secure America’s borders.
A little more than an hour later, Vice-President Mike Pence administered the oath of office to James Mattis to be defence secretary and John Kelly to lead the Department of Homeland Security. Mattis had been confirmed by a 98-1 vote and Kelly 88-11.
Earlier in the day, during a luncheon following his inauguration, Trump said Mattis and Kelly were from “central casting”, referring to their reputations as tough-talking, no-nonsense commanders.
“If I’m doing a movie, I’d pick you, General Mattis,” Trump said.
But Democrats succeeded in stalling until Monday action by the full Senate on Trump’s pick for CIA director, Mike Pompeo.
Senators Ron Wyden of Oregon, Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut and Patrick Leahy of Vermont objected to what they said was a “rushed confirmation” and demanded more time for Pompeo’s nomination to be “vetted, questioned and debated”.
Republicans scolded Democrats for an unnecessary delay, noting that the move left the spy agency leaderless over the weekend. Being lectured on the speed of nomination approvals didn’t sit well with Democrats, who reminded Republican lawmakers that they flatly refused to consider President Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee for 11 months.
In a statement issued by the White House, Trump said he was pleased with the Senate’s confirmation votes and made clear he wanted more.
“I call on members of the Senate to fulfil their constitutional obligation and swiftly confirm the remainder of my highly qualified cabinet nominees, so that we can get to work on behalf of the American people without further delay,” he said.
Congress had to pave the way for Mattis to serve. Lawmakers last week passed legislation that Trump signed shortly after being sworn in that granted Mattis a one-time exception from the law that bars former US service members who have been out of uniform for less than seven years from holding the top Pentagon job. The restriction is meant to preserve civilian control of the military. Mattis retired from the Marine Corps in 2013.
Congress last allowed an exception to the law in 1950 for George Marshall, a former five-star Army general and secretary of state. Mattis replaces Ash Carter, who had been President Barack Obama’s defence secretary since February 2015.
Republican lawmakers pushed for a speedy and smooth transition at the Pentagon to ensure Mattis would be fully in charge should a national security crisis erupt in the hours and days after Trump’s inauguration. During his January 12 confirmation hearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee, Mattis described a world in tumult and a US military that is not robust enough to deal with all the threats the country faces.
Addressing the Defence Department after taking office, Mattis said “it’s good to be back” and that he was confident all Pentagon personnel would do their part to serve the nation.
“Every action we take will be designed to ensure our military is ready to fight today and in the future,” he said in a statement. “Recognising that no nation is secure without friends, we will work with the State Department to strengthen our alliances. Further, we are devoted to gaining full value from every taxpayer dollar spent on defence, thereby earning the trust of Congress and the American people.”
Mattis is highly regarded on Capitol Hill for his character and judgment – traits that many Democrats believe make the retired four-star officer an essential bulwark against Trump’s propensity for bluster and impulsiveness.
During a military career than lasted four decades, Mattis served in numerous senior military positions, including commander of US Central Command, which is responsible for US military operations in Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan.
Kelly comes to the government’s newest department with years of experience working with various Homeland Security agencies.
Among Kelly’s likely first assignments will be executing Trump’s plans for the fate of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival programme, which has protected more than 750,000 young immigrants from deportation.
As the top officer at US Southern Command, based in south Florida, Kelly routinely worked with the department to combat human-trafficking networks and drug smuggling. The post included oversight of the detention centre at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and Kelly clashed at times with the Obama administration, which pushed unsuccessfully to close the facility.
If Trump follows through on promises to toughen immigration enforcement, Kelly’s agency will be responsible for buttressing the screening of immigrants permitted to enter the US. He’ll also have to come up with the resources for locating and then deporting people living here illegally.
During his confirmation hearing earlier this month, Kelly told the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee that he’s in favour of Trump’s plan for a wall at the Mexican border. But he said a physical barrier alone won’t be enough to secure the frontier.
“Certainly it has to be a layered approach,” Kelly said.