Top US diplomat Rex Tillerson breaks tradition, doesn’t attend launch of human rights report
Rex Tillerson declined to unveil the report in person, breaking with precedent established during both Democratic and Republican administrations
Low-profile US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson came under attack for failing to appear in public to launch his own department’s annual human rights report.
US President Donald Trump’s chief diplomat, who has all but dropped from public view since taking office a month ago, penned a brief preface to the survey of the rights record of 199 countries. He has however held high level meetings, including one with China’s State Councilor Yang Jiechi on Tuesday in Washington.
But there was no event or news conference to mark the report’s launch, and the State Department provided only an anonymous “senior administration official” to respond to reporters’ questions.
The report itself paints a bleak picture of the situation in many countries, but there is no attempt to draw out a global theme or to say whether things are generally getting better or worse.
The report doesn’t rank or compare countries, though its sections on some individual countries indicate areas of the most concern:
■ China: “Repression and coercion” of those involved in civil and political rights remains “severe,” the report says. It adds that tens of thousands of political prisoners remained incarcerated despite the government’s denial it holds any. Other serious human rights abuses included arbitrary or unlawful deprivation of life, executions without due process, illegal detentions at “black jails,” torture and coerced confessions of prisoners, and detention and harassment of journalists, lawyers, dissidents and petitioners.
■ Philippines: The report notes a sharp increase in extrajudicial killings in the Philippines — more than 6,000 suspected drug dealers and users killed by police and unknown vigilantes in the second half of 2016. Despite President Rodrigo Duterte’s claim that authorities would investigate actions taken outside the rule of law, the report says there were “significant concerns about impunity” of government and local officials.
■ Turkey: The report says Turkey’s government has imprisoned tens of thousands of people accused of supporting last year’s failed coup attempt, often without much evidence. The Turkish government has also suspended some due process protections as part of the state of emergency enacted after the coup and later extended, the report says. It also details concerns about media freedoms and the high number of journalists arrested.
■ Venezuela: The report warns of “systematic, politicised use of the judiciary” to undermine the legislative branch and to intimidate and prosecute critics of the government. It says “indiscriminate” police action has led to torture and limited press freedoms. The report also notes that the media and other groups have reported extrajudicial killings and torture by police and other security forces.
“The report speaks for itself. We’re very, very proud of it,”a senior US official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. A former colleague was happy to go on the record to express his concern.
“Every Sec State since at least Warren Christopher personally released the human rights reports,” declared Tom Malinowski, who was assistant secretary for human rights under the previous US administration.
In a Tweet, Malinowksi dubbed Tillerson “MIA” - missing in action - and warned that this was “bad for him and for the country.”
Every SecState since at least Warren Christopher personally released the human rights reports. MIA Tillerson - bad for him and the country. https://t.co/kzebqqEu0A
— Tom Malinowski (@Malinowski) March 3, 2017
International watchdog Human Rights Watch linked Tillerson’s no-show to what it fears is a broader decision by Trump’s administration to downplay America’s leadership role on the issue.
“Trump’s anti-Muslim refugee policy and hinted cuts to foreign aid have heightened concerns that the US won’t be a vocal player on human rights issues abroad,” HRW Washington director Sarah Margon said.
Tillerson’s absence, she added “reinforces the message to governments, rights activists and at-risk minorities that the State Department might also be silent on repression, abuse and exploitation.”
Even before the report - a large database of country chapters on the State Department site - was released, a senior lawmaker from Trump’s own Republican party had expressed concern about the launch.
“For first time in a long time @StateDept #humanrights report will not be presented by Secretary of State. I hope they reconsider,” tweeted Senator Marco Rubio, a member of the foreign relations committee.
— Marco Rubio (@marcorubio) March 3, 2017
The annual “Country Reports on Human Rights Practices” does not have any legal status. The United States continues to supply weapons and foreign aid to many of the countries criticised every year.
But hundreds of US diplomats in missions around the world contribute to what they see as a major tool for informing and lobbying policy-makers and encouraging rights activists at home and abroad.
In his preface, Tillerson argues that this year’s report demonstrates “the United States’ unwavering commitment to advancing liberty, human dignity and global prosperity.”
Asked why the secretary did not appear in public or before a camera to reaffirm this commitment, the official pointed to his testimony at his confirmation hearing in January.
At this hearing, the former oil executive said US leadership “requires moral clarity” and that “American values are our interests when it comes to human rights and humanitarian assistance.”
But he added: “It is unreasonable to expect that every foreign policy endeavour will be driven by human rights considerations alone, especially when the security of the American people is at stake.”
Trump himself said several times both before and after his election victory that he personally favours subjecting terrorist suspects to torture through waterboarding and “a hell of a lot worse.”
But he also now says that he will defer to the judgement of his defence secretary, James Mattis, a retired Marine general who has argued that torture does not work.
Rights advocates have also been concerned by Trump’s attempt to ban visas and refugee resettlements from seven mainly Muslim countries, and by his warm words for Russia’s autocratic regime.
And Tillerson drew criticism at his confirmation hearing when he refused to say whether Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s drugs war - which has claimed 6,500 lives - amounts to rights abuse.
Friday’s report, however, is clear on this, saying: “Extrajudicial killings have been the chief human rights concern in the country for many years and they increased sharply over the past year.”
Additional reporting by Associated Press