Practice Listening is aired again tonight on RTHK Radio 4 at 6.30 pm 97.6 to 98.9 MHz, FM Stereo.
It is designed to help senior secondary school students develop their listening skills. As you listen to the programme, have this page open in front of you.
The topic of today's programme is stress, and different ways of coping with it. Are you ready? First of all, we're going to hear a lecture on stress, given by our studio expert, author and broadcaster Professor Wilberforce Bull. Task One Listen carefully and answer these questions: 1. In his talk, Professor Bull covers four main areas: (a) ways of dealing with stress; (b) definition of stress; (c) effects of stress; and (d) causes of stress. Can you put these in the order he uses in his talk? 2. He lists three aspects of life in which stress can affect human beings. One of these is our health. Can you name the other two? 3. What words or phrases does Professor Bull use to let the listeners know he's getting to the end of his talk? Task Two Now, please listen to Professor Bull's lecture again (without the introduction this time). Make some notes as you listen, and see if you can answer the following questions: 1. How does Professor Bull define stress? 2. He gives two examples to support his definition. What are they? 3. What is 'fight or flight'? Is it (a) a special form of stress, (b) an animal's physical response to a threatening situation, or (c) something you do if someone steals your taxi? 4. Can you list three of the effects of adrenalin mentioned? 5. Professor Bull says: 'Human life is full of frustrations.'What do you think he means? 6. Professor Bull links the effects of stress on human health to problems at work, and hence with personal relationships. How are these connected? 7. See how many of Professor Bull's stress-management techniques you can remember.
8. What does Professor Bull mean by 're-framing the situation'? Task Three Next, let us listen to two friends talking about an unusual aid to relaxation! Listen to the first conversation and see if you can identify the topic.
Are the speakers discussing (a) massage, (b) Tai Chi, or (c) aromatherapy? Task Four Read the following list of essential oils, and their supposed characteristics. Orange: bright and uplifting, good for entertaining. Lavender: sweet smell, soothing and calming effect. Can be used in the treatment of burns. Rosemary: the most stimulating oil, promotes clear thinking. Rose: soothing, calming and uplifting. Also very expensive. Ylang ylang: romantic and sensual. Tea Tree: powerful antiseptic, used for fighting infections.
Then listen to the speakers continuing their discussion, and answer the following questions: 1. Which of these oils would the first speaker use, and why? 2. Which would the second speaker use? 3. Which would both of them use? 4. Which would neither of them use?