Urgent action needed to save dolphins
Urgent action is needed to conserve and rebuild the Chinese white dolphin population, in the wake of alarming news last month that the 2012 figures for the numbers of dolphins inhabiting Hong Kong waters were even lower than in 2011 (78 compared with 158 in 2003).
The dolphins are one of the best-protected species in Hong Kong, with, for example, a dedicated marine park and the special attention given to them as a "sensitive receiver" in environmental impact assessments. The dramatic drop in numbers demonstrates that the systems in place to protect this iconic species have failed spectac- ularly, and are in immediate need of an overhaul.
As the government is still dithering, we need the Advisory Council on the Environment (ACE), our ultimate environmental watchdog, to conduct an independent review on what has gone wrong and take steps to redress the balance, including asking the following questions.
Firstly, is construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge responsible for the most recent decline in dolphin numbers? Are numbers declining on the mainland side of the Pearl River estuary too?
If so, how is the Highways Department going to respond and under what circumstances would construction temporarily be halted?
Secondly, why were the two new marine parks proposed in 2002 for the dolphins at southwest Lantau and the Soko Islands never endorsed? Why has commercial fishing still not been banned in our existing marine parks despite the government pledging to do so in 2008?
Thirdly, what can be done to restore the numbers of dolphins and ensure their long-term survival?
There must be a moratorium on new reclamations in waters inhabited by the dolphins until the ACE review has been completed, and a proactive management plan put into place. Adding pressure to the environment before then risks sending the dolphins into irreversible free fall. The Chinese white dolphin cannot be allowed to go the way of the green turtle, once common here in the summer months but now on the verge of extinction as the government reacted too little, too late.
Andy Cornish, Sheung Wan
Wildlife and countryside threatened
It is not feasible to develop part of Lantau into a commercial zone in order to divert tourists from crowded urban districts.
Although there is no doubt that the idea is a positive development in terms of fostering tourism and creating employment for Hong Kong citizens, there are drawbacks.
Residents in the handful of small, sleepy towns on Lantau closest to the proposed commercial centre will be miserable. There will be changes that will permanently affect their lives and livelihoods. People will also be disturbed by the construction work.
Opponents of the proposal also have environmental concerns. The zone will have an adverse effect on the landscape of Lantau and on wildlife, in particular the Chinese white dolphins.
There is little that can be done about the huge areas of land that have been dug up and built over, but if any project goes ahead, the effect on the dolphins will have to be closely monitored. There are few guarantees that the dolphins will be unaffected by any development.
Disneyland and the airport have already had a huge impact on Lantau.
Surely, the government has a responsibility to protect Hong Kong's natural environment.
Michael Ng, Ma On Shan
Better than any man-made attractions
I used to think Hong Kong was a unique place because of Ocean Park, Disneyland and our shopping malls, but when I went on a field trip with my school in 2010 I discovered that what makes it so special is the Chinese white dolphin.
The dolphins were amazing and I could not believe they were right here in Hong Kong.
Disneyland, Ocean Park and all the malls cannot possibly replace the pink dolphins. Now that I know that they are critically endangered because of our actions, the loss of these creatures makes me a lot less interested in Hong Kong's man-made attractions.
Gisele LaJeunesse, Sai Kung
Beijing right to fight bullying tactics of EU
It is nice to see that China has finally refused to be bullied by the European Commission ("EU slaps tough tariff on Chinese solar panels", June 5).
The commission's latest decision to impose tariffs on solar panels is mind-boggling.
A vast majority of the EU member states are opposed to these tariffs.
Nevertheless, Karel De Gucht, the EU trade commissioner, went ahead and levied them.
While Mr De Gucht, who had an unsuccessful career in his home country Belgium, clearly suffers from a Napoleon complex, he should have thought twice before making his latest move.
China has a strong case to retaliate with tariffs on wine imports.
In fact, Beijing should widen the scope and include other agricultural imports from the EU.
It is an open secret that the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is a boondoggle that mainly supports big farmers or vanity projects.
It is because of wasteful schemes such as the CAP that the finances of the EU are in such a deplorable state, not to mention the substantial tax-free salaries of Brussels bureaucrats like Mr De Gucht.
Kristiaan Helsen, Clear Water Bay
Laws can help to curb light pollution
The problem of light pollution in Hong Kong is so serious and it can affect the health of some citizens.
When the level of light pollution is particularly serious, in areas such as Tsim Sha Tsui, residents living nearby could have difficulty sleeping.
Having so many brightly lit advertising hoardings is proof that Hongkongers' level of environmental awareness is not very high.
The best way to deal with this problem is through legislation.
It will not be easy to get a law passed, but it is the most effective way to deal with this problem.
Any law should force shops to dim or switch off their lights between 11pm and 6am to ensure that the sleep of nearby residents is not disturbed.
Education is also important so that people learn to be more aware of the effects of this form of pollution.
Lydia Leung, Ma On Shan
Rice from mainland is safe to eat
Press reports last month commented on high levels of cadmium being found in rice on sale in Guangzhou.
Some reports were misleading, suggesting that there was a cancer risk connected to the findings.
One of the best-known cadmium pollution accidents happened in Toyama Prefecture, Japan.
Women and children consumed polluted rice containing cadmium. They suffered from bone pain. The name given for what they suffered was itai-itai disease, which described those in serious pain ("it hurts-it hurts"). Those with cancer did not get it from eating cadmium-polluted rice.
Cadmium may be carcinogenic when related to occupational health. For some particular kinds of work, employees may have inhaled cadmium. They may be at higher risk of cancer than those people not in a working environment where cadmium can be inhaled.
The mode of intake has to be considered when suggesting that the presence of cadmium is, or is not, carcinogenic.
I believe rice from the mainland that is being sold in Hong Kong is safe to consume. I have studied the cadmium levels of rice sold in Hong Kong that originated from seven countries. Two rice samples were from Guangdong province. The cadmium levels were so low as to not have any toxic effect on people.
Although the reported cadmium levels of rice were high on the mainland, we need not worry about the rice we eat here.
Felix Mak Hoi-kuoh, Kowloon Bay
Racial abuse has no place in world city
The report about racial abuse hurled at the visiting Philippine football team, here for a friendly match, and at their supporters by a section of the Hong Kong crowd should be a big wake-up call to those who like to think of Hong Kong as Asia's world city ("Filipinos backed over soccer taunts", June 6).
No place that aspires to be civilised, let alone a "world" city, whatever that means, should tolerate such behaviour.
As for the Hong Kong Football Association (HKFA), which cannot take action because it has not received a complaint, it is hard to imagine a more pathetic response.
At the end of May, Fifa president Sepp Blatter announcing new initiatives to combat racism and discrimination in football. He condemned the politics of hate, racism, ignorance, discrimination and prejudice which has so marred the game.
If the HKFA takes no action, Fifa should consider severing its links with a place so at odds with its prevailing values, so that there will be no more "friendly" international matches involving Hong Kong.
Gladys Li, Admiralty