A US think tank has disputed a study that North Korea's nuclear programme was developing beyond the world's ability to control it and, as evidence, pointed to support by China.
At a conference last month in Seoul, two US scholars presented a report saying that North Korea appeared to be capable of producing key components of the gas centrifuges needed to enrich uranium.
Joshua Pollack, who produced the report with Massachusetts Institute of Technology nuclear scientist Scott Kemp, said the findings showed that the long-standing global response to North Korea of export controls, sanctions and interdictions "has probably reached its limit of effectiveness".
But the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security said it saw flaws in the analysis.
The institute said it had learned of North Korea's recent import from China, its main ally, of restricted computer-numerically controlled machine tools, which would indicate it is not able to produce such advanced products itself. The institute also said pictures of a key component raised suspicions that it was manufactured in Europe.
The institute's David Albright and Olli Heinonen praised their fellow scholars' efforts but said that barring the revelation other technical evidence, their conclusions are "likely incorrect, or at least overstated … The possible conclusion of the paper that export controls and sanctions are no longer effective or are unable to ever control the supply of illicit goods to North Korea may undermine, as a matter of policy, the justification for these efforts," they wrote.
"If anything, the priority is strengthening these measures with China's co-operation."