Beijing observed the 72nd birthday of the Chinese Communist Party with a pledge to curb corruption , deemed the nation's most serious problem.
Communist Party boss Jiang Zemin called for renewed efforts to combat corruption and said the battle against graft could not be won overnight.
A reformist leader proposed new ways  to prevent the secretaries and aides of leading politicians becoming involved in corruption.
Communist Party mouthpiece People's Daily celebrated the party's 75th birthday with a call for younger blood and a purge of the corrupt, a sign of the policies that may define its 1997 congress.
President and party General Secretary Jiang Zemin vowed to take tough action against leading cadres who try to shield corrupt officials from punishment.
President Jiang Zemin ordered  the People's Liberation Army to quit its sprawling business empire as the government seeks to end rampant smuggling and corruption.
President Jiang Zemin ordered an all-round purge  of corrupt party cadres to prevent social unrest.
Courts in four cities began long-anticipated trials in China's biggest corruption scandal, a web of smuggling and kickback cases that allegedly reached into the ruling inner circle and caused rifts among mainland leaders.
President Jiang Zemin vowed to lead the Communist Party's "life-and-death" fight against corruption , but an outspoken critic said his speech failed to break new ground.
"If we don't crack down on corruption, the flesh and blood ties between the party and people will suffer and the party will be in danger of losing its ruling position, or possibly heading for self-destruction." - President Jiang Zemin said in a speech at the 16th Communist Party Congress
The minister of land and resources was reportedly suspended  for alleged corruption, in the most significant scandal in the central government since President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao took office in March.
The Chinese Communist Party marked its 83rd anniversary with President Hu Jintao stressing the need  for a capable and clean ruling party.
Communist Party leaders pledged to continue the battle against graft  next year with special emphasis on corruption in the business sector and more help for farmers.
President Hu Jintao called for intensified efforts to eliminate corruption  within the Communist Party as he warned that widespread ills were undermining its authority, following a spate of graft cases involving top officials.
Former Shanghai party secretary Chen Liangyu would be prosecuted  in the nation's highest-level corruption case in more than a decade following a 10-month investigation.
The Communist Party's graft watchdog ordered tougher measures against corruption and poor discipline, setting out specific targets as it wrapped up a three-day plenary session.
Hu Jintao said Communist Party members should be encouraged to supervise and make suggestions on all matters concerning intraparty democracy , including efforts to clamp down on corruption within the party.
In its first white paper documenting its fight against official corruption , Beijing vowed to strengthen efforts but acknowledged that the task of building a clean government is "complicated and arduous".
President Hu Jintao pledged that the Communist Party would fight against corruption with more forceful and "people-oriented" measures  amid growing social discontent, state media reported.
President Hu Jintao stressed the importance of maintaining the "purity" of the Communist Party , urging cadres yesterday to spare no efforts in cracking down on corruption amid leadership changes across the country, state media reported.