"Why do you think family portraits should always appear to be happy?" asks Tay Wei-ling, one of the photographers taking part in a new Hong Kong Photographic Culture Association exhibition that takes that question as its jumping-off point.
For her contribution to the show, Tay rejected the conventional familial poses and captured 24 families in spontaneous, relaxed postures - lying on sofas and chatting, the normal scenes of everyday family life.
Tay feels people looking at her photos make connections. "I do not have particular messages I want to pass to my audience, but I think they can relate to their own lives through my work," she says.
Organised by the Hong Kong International Photo Festival, the show was initially put together in collaboration with Fujifilm to help low-income families who could not afford quality family portraits.
But the project evolved into a group exhibition - 12 collections by 14 photographers of 300 local "families". The idea was to represent a different view of the diverse family forms, including multigenerational families, same-sex families and "blended" families made up of children from different relationships.
"Artists [create] lots of different explorations of family, and it was a headache to think of a theme to put things together," said Blues Wong Kai-yu, who co-curated the show with photographer Bobby Sham Ka-ho.
Wong ended up grouping photographers' works into three musical tempos - andante, staccato and forte - under the banner: "Harmony is the simultaneous combination of diversity."
In contrast to pictures of people with homes, photographer Chan Hau-chun concentrated on images of the homeless. Each homeless subject was photographed with their own drawing of what they believed a family should be like.
Other photographers picked more traditional methods. Rambo and Lorraine Lai's images of their neighbours on Lamma Island see the subjects' eyes locked onto the camera with big, wide smiles. "By taking photographs, we could see how they define their family. Some want their family portrayed as just four members, while others want to include three generations," said Lai.
The "300 families" show runs at the Hong Kong Design Institute Gallery, Tseung Kwan O, until November.