Syrian guns pounded rebel positions in Aleppo and heavy fighting rocked the Old City amid a flurry of diplomatic activity Tuesday, as world powers pressed on with the formidable task of seeking an end to the bloodshed.
After an eerily quiet morning, a resident reported renewed bombardments of the Kalasseh and Bustan al-Qasr districts in the south, Suleiman al-Halabi in the centre and Bustan al-Basha in the north.
“There are clashes now in the Old City,” a mainly Christian area of the commercial hub, the resident said.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that five people, including a child were killed, in shelling of the rebel stronghold of Sakhur, and 12 people killed altogether in Aleppo province.
Drinking water supplies – cut off in many areas of the city after a main pipe was blown open during fighting and air raids on Saturday – were restored after repairs, the resident said.
But shortages persisted in the northeast of the city, including in Bustan al-Basha.
In the capital, meanwhile, an explosion rocked the upscale western district of Mazzeh overnight, and pro-regime gunmen fought rebels in Barzeh, another wealthy neighbourhood, the Observatory said.
Fierce clashes broke out south of the capital in Tadamun and the nearby Yarmuk Palestinian refugee camp, the watchdog said, adding that three civilians were killed in shelling of the area of Al-Hajar Al-Aswad nearby.
Just south of Damascus, at least one man was killed by sniper fire as clashes raged in the towns of Babila and Yalda, where the army launched a large-scale operation, the Observatory said.
At least nine people, including a woman and child, were killed in shelling of houses in the town of Kfar Zeita in the central province of Hama, according to the Observatory.
In Deir Ezzor province in the east, warplanes bombarded the town of Albu Kamal on the Iraqi border, killing four people, including three women. They also hit several districts of Deir Ezzor city, where clashes broke out and rebels deployed anti-aircraft guns.
The watchdog gave a toll of at least 72 people killed nationwide on Tuesday – 47 of them civilians – after a day in which nearly 140 lives were claimed.
More than 27,000 people have been killed since the revolt against President Bashar al-Assad broke out in May last year, according to the Observatory.
International peace envoy Lakhdar Brahimi was in Cairo to meet exiled opposition leaders ahead of a planned visit to Damascus, his spokesman said.
British Foreign Secretary William Hague was also there for talks with President Mohamed Morsi, amid a diplomatic flurry in the Egyptian capital, where Syrian neighbours gathered to discuss the conflict.
UN chief Ban Ki-moon said Brahimi will meet Assad in Syria as he insisted that “the violence must stop by both sides”.
He told reporters in Bern that he understood the frustration felt by many in the face of the UN Security Council’s apparent paralysis in dealing with the spiralling crisis.
But “while we may be frustrated and troubled by not being able to address the situation in Syria, which has reached intolerable circumstances”, he said.
“We should not be overly pessimistic about the strength and the commitment of the international community, especially the international organisations.
“Those countries who might have influence over two parties should exercise” that influence and should work towards “a political resolution reflecting the genuine aspirations of the Syrian people,” he added.
Brahimi’s spokesman Ahmad Fawzi said the envoy will meet “other officials, officials from the opposition as well as representatives of civil society” in Syria.
Pro-government newspaper Al-Watan, quoting a “private” source, said Brahimi would go to Damascus on Saturday.
A day after nearly 140 people were reportedly killed across Syria, the UN refugee agency said the number of civilians fleeing nearly 18 months of violence has reached more than 250,000.
UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards told reporters the humanitarian problems sparked by the conflict is “our biggest crisis.”
“The complexity of the crisis is one of the aspects which sets it apart and
the speed with which people have fled Syria,” Edwards said.