Australia's newly elected conservative government has upheld the ban on Huawei Technologies tendering for work on the country's US$38 billion National Broadband Network (NBN), citing security fears about the Chinese firm.
The former Labor government had already cited cybersecurity concerns when it banned Huawei, the world's largest supplier of telecoms network equipment by revenue, from bidding for contracts on the infrastructure rollout last year.
Some senior officials in the new Liberal-led coalition government, including Communications Minister Malcolm Turnbull, have supported a review of the ban, raising expectations it would be scrapped.
But Attorney General George Brandis said yesterday that after due consideration the government had decided not to change the policy, citing new briefings from Australia's national security agencies.
The move is likely to rile major trading partner China in the midst of negotiations on a free trade agreement, while pleasing Australia's traditional ally the United States where lawmakers have warned against awarding Huawei major contracts over spying fears.
"The decision of the previous government not to permit Huawei to tender for the NBN was made on advice from the national security agencies," Brandis said.
"Since the election the new government has had further briefings from the national security agencies. No decision has been made by the new government to change the existing policy.
"The decision of the previous government not to permit Huawei to tender for the NBN was made on advice from the national security agencies. That decision was supported by the then opposition after we received our own briefings from those agencies," he said.
The government would not comment on advice from the national security agencies.
The US House Intelligence Committee last year described Huawei as a national security threat and urged American firms to stop doing business with the Shenzhen-based company. Huawei has denied the US lawmakers' allegations that its equipment could be used by Beijing for espionage.
The British government said in July that checks on Huawei's role in British telecommunications infrastructure had been "insufficiently robust" in the past, and announced a review of security at a cyber centre the company runs in southern England.
Huawei spokesman Jeremy Mitchell said the company believed the Australian government was still reviewing its policy.
"Huawei's understanding is that no decision has been made regarding the NBN and that the review is ongoing," Mitchell said after Brandis released his statement.
Huawei has become a significant market force in Australia. It supplies equipment to Singapore Telecom's local unit Optus as well as Vodafone, and has conducted trials with Australia's biggest telecom company, Telstra.
The company, founded in 1987 by a former People's Liberation Army officer, last year proposed building a cyber security evaluation centre in Australia.
It has also employed former senior Liberal Party officials as part of its lobbying effort to overturn Australia's ban.
The Australian Financial Review said it was not clear whether Huawei would be excluded from bidding for less sensitive equipment for the NBN.
Additional reporting by Agence France-Presse