The US and France have unveiled plans to collaborate on a new Mars mission, two years after Nasa withdrew from a European partnership to send a probe and lander to the Red Planet.
The project aims to send an unmanned lander to study the deep interior of the dry, dusty planet that is earth's neighbour, and will be called InSight, short for the Interior Exploration Using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy, and Heat Transport.
The agreement was signed on Monday by Nasa administrator Charles Bolden and Jean-Yves Le Gall, president of the National Centre of Space Studies of France (CNES) at the Mandarin Hotel in Washington. Nasa currently has two rovers exploring Mars.
The mission is scheduled to launch in March 2016 and would arrive on Mars six months later.
"The research generated by this collaborative mission will give our agencies more information about the early formation of Mars, which will help us understand more about how earth evolved," said Bolden.
Not only would the lander return details about how Mars, a rocky planet like earth, first formed, it would also probe how tectonic activity and the impact of meteors shaped the Red Planet.
Other partners on the project's science instruments include German Aerospace Centre, United Kingdom Space Agency and Swiss Space Office.