Pirelli claims teams share blame for Silverstone tyre blowouts
Supplier claims tyres were mounted the wrong way round and under-inflated, which led to the mid-race explosions at British Grand Prix
Formula One teams contributed to the dramatic blowouts at Sunday's British Grand Prix by mounting rear tyres the wrong way around and running them with low pressures, supplier Pirelli said.
Rejecting any suggestion that its product was dangerous, the Italian company said it would bring stronger rear tyres to this weekend's race in Germany to allay any safety fears and introduce a new range in Hungary at the end of the month.
Pirelli said some teams had deliberately put tyres intended for the right rear of the car on the left, had run them at lower pressures than recommended by the manufacturer and used extreme cambers (the angle of the tyre in relation to the ground) for performance advantage.
However, it shouldered some of the blame for these practices. "Mounting the tyres the wrong way round is a practice that was nonetheless underestimated by everybody, above all [by] Pirelli, who did not forbid this," the company said.
Pirelli said the kerbs at fast corners, and specifically at turn four of the Silverstone circuit, were also "particularly aggressive". Silverstone's owners described reports that sharp edges on the circuit's kerbs might have been to blame for the blowouts as "absolute rubbish".
Four drivers suffered high-speed rear tyre blowouts at Silverstone - Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes), Felipe Massa (Ferrari), Jean-Eric Vergne (Toro Rosso) and Sergio Perez (McLaren).
The debris from the exploding tyres was flung up into the path of cars behind, with Ferrari's Fernando Alonso having one near-miss. Fears about the drivers' safety plunged the sport into crisis with talk of a possible driver boycott.
Pirelli said the rears to be used at the Nurburgring on Sunday would feature inner belts made of Kevlar, a reinforced fibre that was a feature of last year's tyres, beneath the tread instead of the steel used so far this season.
Its 2013 tyres have an "asymmetric" structure which means that they are not designed to be interchangeable, but some teams have improved performance by swapping them around.
Under-inflating the tyres can also bring a competitive advantage but puts more stress on them.
Pirelli said that, because of the potential danger, it had asked the governing FIA for a technical official to make sure cambers and pressures complied with set parameters in future.
It will also be forbidden to swap the new rears for Germany around, since they too are asymmetric. The front tyres remain unaltered.
The tyres to be used at the Nurburgring had been made for teams to try out in Canada last month. But they were not used due to bad weather and opposition from Ferrari, Force India and Lotus, whose cars were easier on the tyres and who feared giving up an advantage.
Those tyres to be introduced in Hungary at the end of July will have a symmetrical structure with the 2013 compounds.
"I'd like to re-emphasise the fact that the 2013 range of tyres, used in the correct way, is completely safe," said Pirelli's motorsport director Paul Hembery.
"What happened at Silverstone though has led us to ask for full access to real-time tyre data to ensure the correct usage and development of tyres that have the sophistication we were asked to provide and extremely high performance that has lowered lap times by more than two seconds on average.
"While we wait for a change in the rules, we will introduce tyres that are easier to manage."
Teams will test the tyres for Hungary at Silverstone in July.
Pirelli said the Silverstone failures were unrelated to previous problems of "delamination" - when the tread is penetrated by debris and separates from the belt underneath, peeling away from the main body, or carcass, of the tyre.
"What happened at Silverstone was completely unexpected. It was the first time that anything like this has ever occurred in more than a century of Pirelli in motorsport," said Hembery.
"These incidents, which have upset us greatly, have stressed the urgency of the changes that we already suggested."