The flora of Indonesia consists of many unique varieties of tropical plants. Blessed with a tropical climate and around 18,000 islands, Indonesia is a nation with the second largest biodiversity in the world. The flora of Indonesia reflects an intermingling of Asian, Australian and the native species. This is due to the geography of Indonesia, located between two continents. The archipelago consists of a variety of regions from the tropical rain forests of the northern lowlands and the seasonal forests of the southern lowlands through the hill and mountain vegetation, to subalpine shrub vegetation. Having the second longest shoreline in the world, Indonesia also has many regions of swamps and coastal vegetation. Combined together, these all give rise to a huge vegetational biodiversity. There are about 28,000 species of flowering plants in Indonesia, consisting 2500 different kinds of orchids, 6000 traditional medicinal plants used as Jamu., 122 species of bamboo, over 350 species of rattan and 400 species of Dipterocarpus, including ebony, sandalwood and teakwood. Indonesia is also home to some unusual species such as carnivorous plants. One exceptional species is known as Rafflesia arnoldi, named after Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and Dr. Arnold, who discovered the flower in the depths of Bengkulu, southwest Sumatra. This parasitic plant has a large flower, does not produce leaves and grow on a certain liana on the rain forest floor. Another unusual plant is Amorphophallus titanum from Sumatra. Numerous species of insect trapping pitcher plants (Nepenthes spp.) can also be found in Borneo, Sumatra, and other islands of the Indonesian archipelago.
The next time you have a piece of fruit or veg, think twice before tossing out the skin.Tuesday, 8 November, 2011, 12:00am
Water apples go by many names, including wax apples and rose apples. I prefer the first one, because it describes the crisp, thirst-quenching quality of the fruit. The water apple is available in many colours, ranging from pale yellow-green to deep red. No matter what its colour, though, the fruit is bell-shaped and has glossy edible skin.29 May 2011 - 12:00am
IN FROM THE COLD As a teenager, I was not very sociable but I got really interested in horticulture and natural history. I have always been able to draw and I thought landscape architecture would combine both interests. I studied in Leeds [in England] in 1975 and then worked for Brian Clouston and Partners, which in those days was a titan of the landscaping world.7 Nov 2010 - 12:00am
Owning a private jet is more than just a status symbol - apart from showing that you're extremely rich and can travel in style, it also allows you to fly in your favourite food from anywhere in the world and at any time.17 Jul 2010 - 12:00am
A friend once commented that the pomelo looks like a pumped-up, steroid-popping grapefruit. In reality, the fruit itself isn't that huge - it's just surrounded by a thick layer of natural 'packaging'; depending on the variety, the skin can be upwards of 2cm thick.20 Sep 2009 - 12:00am
The mangosteen is an unassuming-looking fruit. To those who have never tried one, it seems a mystery: how do you get inside? The purple shell is firm and smooth with no gaps in which to insert a knife to pry it open, and even the leaves and stem seem unyielding.24 May 2009 - 12:00am
Next time you're told not to play with the vegetables on your plate, think of Carl Warner - for both inspiration and as an alibi.
The London-based photographer specialises in creating art from food.4 May 2009 - 12:00am
Durian: a miracle beauty ingredient? That's what skincare doctor Howard Murad suggested to cosmetic journalists and spa representatives at Azure on Friday afternoon. The renowned dermatologist claims the stinky fruit does wonders for your skin. He's even incorporated the fruit, minus the smell, into his latest anti-ageing serum.17 Nov 2008 - 12:00am
Choose the correct alternative:
We keep flowers in the house for their lovely sent/scent. But there are flowers that smell really bad.
Some flowers smell like rotting meat. These flowers are nicknamed corpse flowers. They are also called carrion (pronounced carry-on) flowers because carrion is a word for rotting meat.5 Nov 2008 - 12:00am
Spanking Goals & Toe Pokes
by Tommy Martin
Proverse Hong Kong, HK$9817 Aug 2008 - 12:00am