Law of the Republic of China

Third of China's city-dwellers are still second class citizens

It made headlines around the world at the beginning of this year when government statisticians announced that more than half of China's 1.35 billion people now live in the cities.

Wednesday, 4 April, 2012, 12:00am

Hukou reform plan enters final stage

Plans are afoot to introduce a nationwide residence permit system to pave the way for better access to social services for migrant workers, who were long disadvantaged under an outdated household registration scheme known as hukou.

12 Mar 2012 - 12:00am

Migrants' children learn of education inequality

Zhang Shufu, a migrant worker from Gushi county, Henan, considers himself lucky that he did not have to send his children back to his hometown after their school in Beijing closed in 2010.

6 Mar 2012 - 12:00am

Migrant workers closer to city residency rights

The central government has revealed criteria that could allow the country's 200 million or so migrant workers to become full residents of medium-sized cities, but critics say the change is too small to address growing social problems.

25 Feb 2012 - 12:00am

Beijing does right by its migrants

Beijing municipal authorities have opened the door of a low-income public housing scheme to migrants for the first time. Only those with a long record of stable employment will be admitted and other details remain vague. But it is a significant, if limited, change in policy.

26 Oct 2011 - 12:00am

Job-crunch students get freedom of movement

The central government is to ease its controversial hukou household registration policy - which restricts freedom of movement - for millions of college graduates amid increasingly bleak job prospects.

3 Jun 2011 - 12:00am

Capital tightening hukou system to limit migrants

The Beijing municipal authorities have tightened up the widely criticised household registration, or hukou, system to curb the influx of migrants to the capital, according to a mainland media report.

Holding a certificate of residency entitles residents and other holders to participate in many social and welfare programmes at that location.

12 May 2011 - 12:00am

Migrant workers get chance for urban residency

Guangdong has launched a scheme that will allow 10 million migrant workers from rural parts of the province to apply for permanent residency in small and medium-sized cities and townships.

9 Jun 2010 - 12:00am


Reading comprehension

Answer the following questions:

1 Why don't Hu Zhongping's children have the same access to education as their neighbours in Beijing?

a. because Hu lacks money

b. because of the hukou registration system

c. because of insufficient school places

18 Mar 2010 - 12:00am

Populist measures, but Wen lacks fresh ideas

Premier Wen Jiabao, who is entering his final years as the principal manager of the world's third-largest economy, gave an annual report to the National People's Congress on Friday mostly noted for its heavy dose of populist measures aimed at promoting social equity and spreading wealth.

But what is missing from the 36-page statistics-laden report is equally notable.

8 Mar 2010 - 12:00am

'End hukou system' call earns rebuke

Editors at The Economic Observer, the newspaper which initiated a joint editorial published on Monday criticising the mainland's hukou (household registration) system, have been punished for their bold action as other participating media confirmed a government order to remove the editorial from their websites.

6 Mar 2010 - 12:00am

The real reason China retains its old pass laws

On Monday, 13 mainland newspapers called for the abolition of China's hukou household registration laws, slamming them as inequitable and corrupt.

3 Mar 2010 - 12:00am

Editorial calls for abolition of hukou system

A joint editorial in 13 mainland newspapers has called on the nation's top legislative body to abolish the hukou system - strict population controls that have split the country into rural and urban areas for decades.

2 Mar 2010 - 12:00am

Chain on a little boy a potent symbol of an unjust system and two-tier society

The upsetting photo published around the world just before the Lunar New Year of two-year-old Chen Jingdan chained to a tree in Beijing was loaded with as many misconceptions as it was with shock, desperation, sadness and pity.

28 Feb 2010 - 12:00am

Outdated, unfair and overdue for reform

One of the prices the people of the mainland have had to pay for its growing prosperity is the loss of basic entitlements for many. The mainland depends on the mobility and flexibility of its labour force to maintain the pace of its industrial growth.

18 Oct 2009 - 12:00am