Macau is a former Portuguese colony, and in 1999 it became a special administrative region of China. Its economy relies heavily on tourism, specifically the gambling industry, whose revenue has made Macau the world's largest casino market.

Wynn Macau, Sands China and Melco Crown Entertainment, three of Asia’s biggest casino operators, all reported recovering businesses for high rollers in 2016

Chinese high rollers head back to Macau

China’s gamblers are flocking back to the world’s gaming hub on the country’s doorstep, as high-stakes gamers have had time to absorb the impact and adjust their style to President Xi Jinping’s crackdown on graft.