Ramadan (Arabic: رمضان‎ Ramaḍān, IPA: [rɑmɑˈdˤɑːn]; variations Persian: Ramazan‎; Urdu: Ramzān; Turkish: Ramazan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, which lasts 29 or 30 days. It is the Islamic month of fasting, in which participating Muslims refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours and is intended to teach Muslims about patience, spirituality, humility and submissiveness to God. Muslims fast for the sake of God (Arabic: الله‎, trans: Allah) and to offer more prayer than usual. Compared to the solar calendar, the dates of Ramadan vary, moving backwards by about eleven days each year depending on the moon; thus, a person will have fasted every day of the Gregorian calendar year in 34 years' time. Muslims believe Ramadan to be an auspicious month for the revelations of God to humankind, being the month in which the first verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad.

Muslims need more room to worship in Hong Kong

Ishaque Sarker (far right) prays at breakfast at Kowloon Mosque. Muslims fast from dawn to dusk during Ramadan.Photo: Herbert Tsang

Violence marred the holiday marking the end of Ramadan in Syria last month, and in the Xinjiang Autonomous Region on the mainland, the Uygur minority reported attempts by authorities to prevent fasting and praying during working hours.

Sunday, 23 September, 2012, 10:24am

Legends: kahk

Legends: kahk

Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, is set to end this weekend. Marking its conclusion is the Eid ul-Fitr holiday.

The celebrations are also known as Hari Raya Puasa in Malaysia or Hari Lebaran in Indonesia. The festivities, which can last for a few days, include visiting friends and family to exchange gifts and, of course, feasting.

15 Aug 2012 - 5:52pm

Spiritual reflection

Hong Kong's 250,000 Muslims marked the first Friday of the holy month of Ramadan with prayers at the Kowloon Mosque and Islamic Centre on Nathan Road, Tsim Sha Tsui. The city's largest mosque, which can accommodate up to 3,500 worshippers, was bustling. Ramadan is intended to teach Muslims about patience, spirituality and humility.

8 Aug 2011 - 12:00am

Time to fast

Muslims yesterday hailed the beginning of Ramadan, a month of fasting, abstinence and prayer. Throughout August, followers of the Islamic faith will not eat, drink, smoke or have sex during daylight hours. The Eid ul-Fitr festival will mark the end of the holy month.

2 Aug 2011 - 12:00am

Talking points

Our editors will be looking ahead today to these developing stories ...

Legco examines post-service rules for public servants

1 Aug 2011 - 12:00am

Muslims to fast from sunrise to sunset

The Muslim holy month of Ramadan starts today.

During this month, all Muslims - unless they are ill or travelling - must not eat or drink between sunrise and sunset.

By observing the Ramadan fast, Muslims show they are faithful to Allah, a spokeswoman for the Hong Kong Islamic Youth Association said.

1 Aug 2011 - 12:00am

Islam's holy month of fasting begins this week

Most Muslims will start a month of fasting this week, but the exact date rests on what the moon does tonight.

Ramadan, the holiest month in Islam, is expected to start tomorrow, but it may be tonight or Tuesday, as it depends on when the moon is sighted in order to signal the start of the month.

31 Jul 2011 - 12:00am

A time of faith, family and friendship

When dawn breaks on August 1 this year, Muslims in Hong Kong are set to take part in a month-long ascetic practice that dates back about 1,400 years and marks the holiest time of the year in Islam.

Ramadan is the month of fasting when Muslims abstain from food, drink and sex during daylight hours - the period marks the revelation of the earliest chapters of Islamic scripture.

28 Jul 2011 - 12:00am

Be fair and make Muslims' Eid festival a public holiday, HK's chief imam urges

The chief imam for Hong Kong, Mufti Muhammad Arshad, wants the Eid, which marks the end of Ramadan, to be classed as an official public holiday so Muslims can enjoy one of their important days of celebration like other religions in the city.

Ramadan starts on Thursday and finishes on September 9.

8 Aug 2010 - 12:00am


Days without food

Most Chinese festivals mean lots of delicious food. But one important Muslim festival involves not eating food at all - or fasting.

Ramadan takes place over the whole of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, Muslims cannot eat, drink or smoke cigarettes from sunrise until sunset.

19 Feb 2010 - 12:00am

The Messenger: The Meanings of the Life of Muhammad

The Messenger: The Meanings of the Life of Muhammad

by Tariq Ramadan

Allen Lane, HK$400

25 Feb 2007 - 12:00am

Moon spotting at the mall

At the end of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Muslim year, countries all over the Islamic world send out sighting committees to spot the arrival of the new moon which will herald the end of fasting and the beginning of the three-day festival called Eid al-Fitr.

7 Dec 2003 - 12:00am

Holiday prayers

Hong Kong's Muslim community celebrates the Eid al-Fitr holiday with prayers at the Masjid Ammar Mosque in Wan Chai yesterday.

Across the city, an estimated 160,000 Muslims gathered at mosques in honour of the festival, which marks the end of Ramadan - a month of daylight fasting.

27 Nov 2003 - 12:00am

Political and religious tensions forgotten as millions flock home to families for end of Ramadan

A month of fasting and religious reflection has calmed political passions among many of Indonesia's moderate Muslims about the tortured state of their own country and the course of the war in Afghanistan.

17 Dec 2001 - 12:00am

Fasting a pillar of Islam that teaches compassion

The holy month of Ramadan begins this week, and will be observed by more than one billion Muslims around the world. Fasting in Islamic countries dates back to ancient times, to the second year of the Hijir (the migration from Medina to Mecca).

Fasting was made obligatory for every Muslim man and woman during the month of Ramadan, as commanded by Allah.

14 Nov 2001 - 12:00am