South Korea | South China Morning Post
  • Tue
  • Mar 3, 2015
  • Updated: 12:38am

South Korea

South Korea is a sovereign state in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighboured by China to the west, Japan to the east, and North Korea to the north. With an estimated population of 50 million, it covers a total area 98,480 square kilometres which includes partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys. Its main exports are wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles and computers. Korea was one nation under the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties until the end of the Korean Empire in 1910, when Japan began a 35-year period of colonial rule. Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers in 1945 and three years later the country split in two, beginning decades of conflict between North and South. The current president of The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is Park Geun-hye. She is the first woman to be elected as President in South Korea.

Misperception of crime rate make South Koreans wary of Seoul Chinatown

A Chinese food shop in Garibong-dong. Photo: Crystal Tai

In Garibong-dong, one of Seoul's de-facto Chinatowns, bilingual signs in Korean and Chinese line the streets, eateries serve Northern Chinese cuisine, radios play old Chinese songs and many passersby speak Putonghua.

Monday, 2 March, 2015, 3:04pm 2 comments

South Korean spy agency opens its doors, but stays mum on controversies

South Korean spy agency opens its doors, but stays mum on controversies

South Korea's spy agency allowed a chink of daylight into its shadowy world as it threw open its doors to foreign media.

5 Feb 2015 - 7:06am

Korean Air flight attendant speaks out on nut rage drama

Korean Air Chairman Cho Yang-ho bows in an apology. Photo: EPA

A Korean Air flight attendant has described being insulted and shamed by the airline's executive who ordered him removed and the plane returned over a dispute about macadamia nuts.

14 Dec 2014 - 6:37am 5 comments

One dead, dozens missing as South Korean trawler sinks off eastern Russia

Fishing vessel Oryong 501 sank in the Bering Sea. Photo: AFP

South Korean officials expressed fear yesterday of a huge death toll among more than 50 fishermen who remain missing after their ship sank amid high waves in the freezing waters of the western Bering Sea.

3 Dec 2014 - 8:42am

South Korea silenced as students take vital college entrance exam

Students pray for their seniors' success in the test in front of an examination hall.Photo: Xinhua

Planes were grounded and air-force drills rescheduled as South Korea went into "hush" mode while nearly 650,000 students sat the annual college entrance exam that will help define their futures in an ultra-competitive society.

14 Nov 2014 - 5:31pm

In famously boozy South Korea, 'Irish alcoholism' excuse for job rejection

Katie Mulrennan thought her rejection was a joke at first.

Katie Mulrennan comes from a country that has produced some of the world's finest authors, poets and raconteurs. But it was her compatriots' supposed prodigious drinking that determined the outcome of her application for a teaching job in Seoul.

10 Nov 2014 - 8:50pm 3 comments

South Korean children come last in 30-nation happiness survey

South Korean students at a Seoul exam centre pray for the success of senior students. Photo: AP

South Korean children are the least happy in a survey of youngsters in 30 countries which examined how satisfied they were with their lives.

5 Nov 2014 - 3:04am

Manhunt on for South Korean border guard who killed five fellow soldiers

The guard post was located just outside the demilitarised zone (DMZ) - a buffer strip that runs the full length of the 250-kilometre frontier.

A military manhunt was under way for a South Korean soldier who shot and killed five members of his own unit at a guard post on the border with North Korea.

22 Jun 2014 - 4:57am

South Korea approves two new nuclear power plants

Nuclear power plants in South Korea. Photo: EPA

The government approved a US$7 billion project to build two nuclear plants, a boost for an industry struggling to emerge from the shadow of Japan's Fukushima disaster and the first approval since a policy review sparked by a safety scandal at Korean reactors.

30 Jan 2014 - 3:52am

Putin in Seoul to push new ‘Silk Road’ via North Korea

South Korean President Park Geun-hye and Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Seoul on Wednesday. Photo: EPA

Russian President Vladimir Putin was in South Korea on Wednesday to push a pet project for a new major trading route linking Asia and Europe by rail that requires prying open North Korea.

13 Nov 2013 - 1:53pm

Hyundai Motor posts Q3 profit on Brazil, China sales

The Hyundai Motor logo on a wheel of a car at a dealership in Seoul. Photo: Reuters

Hyundai Motor, South Korea’s largest car maker, posted its first increase in net profit for a year in the third quarter with strong sales in China and Brazil offsetting poor domestic performance.

Net profit was up 3.9 per cent in the July-September period from a year earlier at US$2.1 billion, the company said.

24 Oct 2013 - 4:58pm

South Korea to scale back reliance on nuclear power in wake of Fukushima

The Kori plant southwest of Seoul which was South Korea's first nuclear plant when it started operation in 1978. Photo: EPA

Nuclear energy should account for between 22 per cent and 29 per cent of power generation capacity by 2035, compared with a 41 per cent goal introduced in the previous long-term plan in 2008, South Korea's energy ministry said, citing the findings of a working group of academics and state officials.

14 Oct 2013 - 5:02am

South Korea calls for ‘language purification’ campaign on Korean alphabet day

A South Korean woman participates in a calligraphy contest to observe Hangul Day. Photo: Screenshot via Yonhap News.

South Korea’s prime minister called for a national “language purification” campaign on Wednesday as the country observed Hangul Day marking the invention of the Korean alphabet more than five centuries ago.

9 Oct 2013 - 4:01pm

North Korea slams South’s ‘lunatic’ military display

South Korean soldiers march through Seoul as part of the events to mark the 65th Armed Forces Day. Photo: Xinhua

North Korea on Wednesday condemned South Korea’s “lunatic hostility” in staging a military parade that showcased a cruise missile capable of precision strikes against the leadership in Pyongyang.

Tuesday’s display of weaponry in Seoul was the largest for a decade, involving 11,000 troops, 120 aircraft, tanks, heavy artillery and a range of missiles.

2 Oct 2013 - 10:43am 1 comment

Military parade in Seoul meant as show of force to deter Pyongyang

Hyunmu-3 cruise missiles capable of hitting all of North Korea are displayed during yesterday's military parade in Seoul. Photo: AP

South Korea displayed its longest-range missile capable of striking all of North Korea, and other sophisticated weapons, at a military parade yesterday, a display of force meant to show Pyongyang that any provocation would be met with strong retaliation.

2 Oct 2013 - 10:55pm