Tiananmen Square crackdown

A pro-democracy movement in Beijing in 1989, triggered by the death of reformist ex-leader Hu Yaobang on April 15 that year, developed into large-scale street protests and weeks-long sit-ins and hunger strikes at the city's Tiananmen Square by students and residents. They demonstrated against China's central government and called for greater freedoms. In the early hours of June 4, the military moved in to remove them. An unconfirmed number of unarmed civilians were killed in the crackdown.

Wang Dan was a key figure in the 1989 pro-democracy protests in China. Photo: AFP

Tiananmen leader Wang Dan plans set up China think tank

Former Tiananmen protest leader Wang Dan said he planned to set up a think tank calling for policy change and democracy in China when he returned to the United States later this year, but still hoped to return to his homeland one day.