This article originally appeared on ABACUS China published more AI journal and conference papers in 2018 than Europe, having passed the US in 2006. China narrowly edged out Europe, accounting for 28% of publications compared with Europe’s 27%, according to Stanford University’s newly published Artificial Intelligence Index Report 2019 . However, China’s research has about half the impact as US publications by number of citations. The report offers other interesting tidbits about AI in China. In 2018, China had the highest volume of AI journal papers, with papers from government institutions accounting for three times more than those from companies. Europe’s situation is similar, but corporate-affiliated AI papers make up a higher proportion in the US. In all three regions, however, research papers overwhelmingly originated in academia. When it comes to investment, though, Chinese companies appear to have more luck. AI startups in China received much higher rates of investment than their Western counterparts between July 2018 and July 2019. The country’s 486 funded startups received a whopping US$16.6 billion in investment, about 200% more than US startups. Stanford’s AI Index not only tracks published works but also national strategies, private companies’ activity and public perception, among other details. And according to the authors, it also helps dispel the common myth that AI development is mainly a tussle between the US and China. The reality is more nuanced, with AI research happening all over the world. For more insights into China tech, sign up for our tech newsletters , subscribe to our award-winning Inside China Tech podcast , and download the comprehensive 2019 China Internet Report . Also roam China Tech City , an award-winning interactive digital map at our sister site Abacus .