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TalkBox was the first app in China to let users send voice messages. (Picture: TalkBox on the iOS App Store)

Popular TV show reveals how WeChat crushed a rival messaging app

TalkBox was the first to have the “push to talk” feature, later popularized by WeChat

This article originally appeared on ABACUS
Startup Era is a Chinese TV drama about, you guessed it, working at startups. It follows the fictional tech entrepreneur Guo Xinnian, who’s building a voice messaging app. It’s received bad reviews for a “loose” screenplay and horrible acting, but it’s sparking a lot of discussion in China because it’s based on a real story -- of how another entrepreneur named Guo’s voice messaging app was crushed by WeChat.

WeChat, the app that does everything

The real-world entrepreneurs are Guo Bingxin and Heatherm Huang, who co-founded TalkBox in January 2011, the same time WeChat started. While WeChat at the time only had basic text messaging, TalkBox quickly gained traction because of its “push to talk” feature, which let users communicate with voice messages, a novel feature at the time.

One reason the feature is so important in China? Typing Chinese characters on smartphones isn’t as intuitive as using an English keyboard. Voice messaging isn’t just quicker, it’s vital for many in the older generation who never learned how to type properly.

TalkBox was the first app in China to let users send voice messages. (Picture: TalkBox on the iOS App Store)
TalkBox reportedly attracted over a million downloads in the first three days. Huang told us it received plenty of interest from potential investors, including WeChat’s creator, Tencent. They decided to take a risk and turned down Tencent… only to find out that everybody started copying its key feature. First was MiTalk, a messaging app made by Xiaomi, and then four months later in May 2011, WeChat rolled out an update also adding the same feature.

“I was furious when MiTalk added the ‘push to talk’ feature,” Guo Bingxin said to Chinese media in 2012. And when WeChat also did it later, he realized that “the big guy is here now”.

WeChat, which was based on Tencent’s already dominating QQ network when it was started, soon took off, and TalkBox struggled to stay relevant. Of course, it’s not the only reason WeChat succeeded and TalkBox failed, but it sure helped. After adding the feature, WeChat’s daily user growth went from fewer than 20,000 to more than 50,000, according to a company biography about Tencent, which also documented how WeChat was “inspired” by TalkBox.

Tencent might develop a VR version of WeChat

The TV drama hasn’t saved TalkBox (which is now a team communication app focusing on the overseas market), but has put another social app in the spotlight in China -- Magic Crystal, which is the current product of Heatherm Huang, one of TalkBox’s co-founders. Huang left TalkBox in 2013 to create Magic Crystal for the US -- where it’s known as MailTime, an app that wants to make sending emails feel like messaging.

Renaming it Magic Crystal, which is TalkBox’s name in the TV drama, is the company’s next attempt at cracking the Chinese market, a spokesperson told us. The company has also recently relocated to Hong Kong from Silicon Valley because of President Trump’s new immigration policies.

Thanks to the TV show, Magic Crystal soared to second spot in the social networking category on China’s iOS App Store, ahead of WeChat. But many compare it instead to Bullet Messaging. That app drew wide attention in August for some of its unique features, but hasn’t been able to make a dent in China’s social scene, where WeChat still has an iron grip on the market.

For more insights into China tech, sign up for our tech newsletters, subscribe to our Inside China Tech podcast, and download the comprehensive 2019 China Internet Report. Also roam China Tech City, an award-winning interactive digital map at our sister site Abacus.