HONG Kong education will see a shift of focus from 'quantity', which has been dominating local education for the past two decades, to 'quality', a senior Education Department official said. Deputy Director of Education Elaine Chung Lai-kwok announced the shift after she delivered a recap of local education developments in the past 20 years in her address at Ho Lap College and Ho Fung College joint speech day. 'Since the '70s, the education level of the Hong Kong population has been on the rise with primary education made free-of-charge and the adoption of the nine-year compulsory education policy,' Ms Chung said. 'All this was for the quantity aspect, to entitle more and more children to education, whereas the new direction from now on is to constantly upgrade the quality of education.' For better education administration, the Government is testing the effectiveness of its School Management Initiative (SMI) scheme in which the duties of specific school staff are clearly defined and their accountability and effectiveness are ensured. 'To promote teacher quality, 800 secondary teacher positions have been offered to degree-holders instead of the former non-degree ones, whereas for primary teachers, 180 degree-holders were employed. 'The establishment of the Hong Kong Institute of Education in September represents the Government's determination to improve teacher education.' However, Ho Lap College Form Six science student Dickson Fung Hon-shing, who scored seven distinctions in the HKCEE, felt that more should be done in school discipline. 'This is especially necessary for schools in new towns, such as Tuen Mun and Tin Shui Wai where student quality is relatively weaker than that of students in the city. 'But for schools with a long history, I guess that communication between teachers and students should be enhanced,' said Dickson, who is chairman of the student union. The outstanding student won four scholarships and awards, including the Sir Edward Youde Memorial Prize. He believes that teachers should spend more time interacting with students outside the classroom, so they can 'instil their philosophy among them'. Outstanding student Leung Kam-chiu of Ho Fung College, who was named one of the 1993 Hong Kong Outstanding Students and the recipient of three other scholarships, said: 'I'm glad to see that Hong Kong education is progressing through the years.' Canto-pop king Andy Lau Tak-wah donated $31,000 to set up a scholarship fund for his alma mater - Ho Lap College.