MORE than 100 major enterprises in Shanghai could soon receive special central-government aid to develop into national conglomerates or multinational companies as President Jiang Zemin moves to boost the political fortunes of the so-called Shanghai Faction. Chinese sources said yesterday that Mr Jiang's personal office had authorised a series of activities to consolidate the pre-eminent position of the eastern Chinese metropolis, the power base of the President. They said that while touring Shanghai during the past week, Mr Jiang had given instructions on the 'new phase' of its development in the Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996 to 2000). He discussed with local officials Shanghai's priority access to certain types of state investments and loans, favourable policies to attract foreign capital and help from the state-controlled propaganda machinery. Last week Mr Jiang, a former Shanghai Communist Party boss, also gave instructions on 'making propaganda' about the 'Shanghai experience', which would be applied nationwide. Under the President's aegis, 100 leading writers and cultural personalities will descend on the city tomorrow to take a first-hand look at its economic and political achievements. This unprecedented event is being organised by the All-China Federation of Literary Circles, China's largest body of authors and artists. 'The 100 writers are expected to sing the praises of Shanghai and its new development zone, Pudong,' a Shanghai source said. 'As a gesture of tolerance, Mr Jiang has invited authors from different ends of the political spectrum, including 'bourgeois-liberal' elements once spurned by the ideologues.' Earlier this year, Mr Jiang installed Vice-Minister of Culture Gao Zhanxiang as the de facto head of the literary federation, displacing such remnant Maoists as Meng Weizhai. The latest public relations exercise is part of a campaign to dramatise the success of the Shanghai region - which incorporates Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces as well as the Yangtze River estuary - as a pioneer in both economic reform and the building of 'spiritual civilisation'. Sources in Beijing said the unprecedented buildup of Shanghai could be at the expense of Guangdong. Pro-Shanghai academics recently organised seminars and papers on the superiority of the 'Shanghai model' over the 'Guangdong model'. For example, the economic achievements of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang are said to be anchored upon native industry as well as real growth of productivity and technology. However, individual cities in Guangdong have been criticised for getting rich through speculative activities. They have also been faulted for being too dependent on Hong Kong and overseas capital - as well as for their 'exploitation' of cheap migrant labour. Meanwhile, Mr Jiang has moved more of his Shanghai proteges to Beijing. Political scientist Wang Huning was recently made head of the Political Group of the Policy Research Office of the Central Committee. Mr Wang, a specialist in international politics at Fudan University and an advocate of neo-authoritarianism, had advised Mr Jiang when the latter was mayor and party boss of Shanghai in the mid-1980s. He played a key role in the drafting of the fourth Central Committee plenum document last September, which urged a more aggressive policy in 'party building' and ideological indoctrination.