GUIDELINES on post-1997 civic education, to be published by a Preliminary Working Committee sub-group, will stress the need for a stronger sense of nationalism among pupils. A member of the culture sub-group, Professor Lau Siu-kai, who helped draw up the 8,000-word guidelines, said civic education was of great concern to many educators they had met over the past year. The Government had not actively promoted civic education and had equated it with teaching students to be good citizens. Professor Lau said civic education should be about social responsibility, nationalism, and participation in the community - but not political education. He said after the setting up of the Special Administrative Region government, the priority should be to improve pupils' knowledge of the Basic Law, Chinese history and geography. He hoped the subject would ultimately become compulsory, but realised this could not be achieved in the near future because it would take time, for instance, to train teachers.