BILL OF RIGHTS Pressure groups: The Bar Association wants the Bill widened, strengthening the system of complaints against the police and giving more public accountability over phone tapping and electronic surveillance. Human Rights Monitor says the bill fails to meet Hong Kong's obligations under the convention. United Ants wants the legal aid system improved to increase rights. Amnesty International claims it does not ensure international monitoring of human rights or protect prisoners of conscience. The report: Welcomes the amendment of ordinances to fall in line with the bill, but notes with concern the absence of legislation providing protection of individuals' human rights, and that legal aid was refused in a high number of cases directed against the Government. FUTURE REPORTS Pressure groups: The SAR government should have the right to report on human rights. Asking China to report would be in conflict with the Joint Declaration. The Bar Association says China should be pushed to make reports. It has not agreed to do so. Independent reports by the UN have been asked for. The report: Reporting obligations devolve with the territory, and so Hong Kong will continue to be obligated to produce reports after 1997, regardless of China's sovereignty. GOVERNMENT CONTROL Pressure groups: Amnesty International wants legal aid removed from government control to ensure impartiality and is concerned by apparent increases in police human rights violations. The Human Rights Commission claims existing police powers are excessive and says complaints against the police, which are running high, should be dealt with independently. The report: Concerned that 'acts of state' are not subject to control by the courts, which could lead to abuse of power. Regrets there is no legislation to cover emergency situations, which could lead to mainland law being imposed. ETHNIC MINORITIES Pressure groups: Concern was expressed over the lack of rights for ethnic minorities in Hong Kong after the changeover. Some 3,000 people will effectively become stateless because China is refusing to grant them full passports. Human Rights Monitor is worried about racism in immigration law. The report: Did not discuss the issue. DISCRIMINATION Pressure groups: The Centre for Comparative and Public Law says the Government has failed to implement the Sexual Discrimination Ordinance. It criticised discrimination against women in the criminal justice system with regard to rape and sexual assault cases. The report: Welcomes the establishment of a Sexual Discrimination Ordinance, but criticises its lack of implementation and recommended legislation covering all areas of discrimination. ELECTORAL SYSTEM Pressure groups: The United Ants claims the functional constituencies are in breach of the convention because they do not amount to universal suffrage. The report: Supports the view they were undemocratic and do not meet the requirements of the covenant. It recommended immediate steps be taken to ensure the electoral system conforms with the covenant. PUBLIC CONSULTATION Pressure groups: Human Rights Monitor accused Britain of being in breach of the convention due to 'absence of adequate consultation' with the people of Hong Kong over the changeover of sovereignty in 1997. The report: Did not address the issue.