VOL I No. 17 SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1945. PRICE M.Y. 10 Yeah, things are dull - especially for window cleaners. * * *St John's Cathedral now has four Canons. Smooth bores? * * * The corvettes found only one mine at Amoy, and it blew up. Seems to have been salted. * * * A cup of coffee now costs $1.20 or more. So what about fixing the price of the Government water in it? * * * A reader wants cross-word puzzles. But can't he get enough headache puzzling out these abbreviated departmental titles? * * * Field-Marshal Montgomery's beret has been presented to the Tans Corps Officers' Mess. But surely the Field Marshal's boots would be more inspiring relics? * * * In the past if you called an exchange broker a money changer he was grievously insulted: but at any time now you're likely to see three-piece rickshaws galloping daily down to Mercer Street. * * * Official from Brazil, Oct 25. 'All rumours of unrest and revolt in Brazil are entirely without foundation.' Reuter, Oct 30: a motorised column of 200 tanks paraded through Rio de Janeiro, acclaiming the Opposition candidate for the Presidency . . . The President has resigned.' Nowadays you have to listen with each ear separately. TWO MILLION TROOPS READY Chungking And Communists On Verge Of Full-Scale Civil War MANCHURIA MAY BE FATEFUL REASON Chungking, Nov 1. Information from both Government and Communist sides indicates that 1,000,000 Communist troops and 1,000,000 Government troops will soon be engaged in full-fledged civil war if negotiations for a political settlement fail to halt the present widespread constant fighting, which appears to be an undeclared, informal prelude to the bloodshed which no dictionary in the world describes by any other term than 'civil war'. The entire Third Amphibious Corps of the United States Marines, the Soviet Red Army now in Manchuria and Inner Mongolia, right outside the Great Wall, the United States Forces in the China Theatre, the Outer Mongolia cavalries now in Inner Mongolia, and units not yet disarmed of the Japanese troops in North China will all be directly or indirectly involved, besides the opposing Government and Chinese Communist forces. The Government may call it a 'bandit suppression campaign' and the Communists may call it the 'people's fight for democracy,' but the fact remains that it will be civil war. Government circles up to now still say the 'policy for political settlement is unchanged,' and the Communists are busy with propaganda saying 'we are all for unity, peace and democracy'. But only fools would believe that they were not both preparing for a forcible settlement. The Communists claimed their regular armed forces to total 1,200,000 and in propaganda it was said that the Government was employing 800,000 now in fighting the Communists. STAR FERRY CONTROL Restriction on Number Of Passengers Henceforth motorcycles and bicycles may not be allowed on the first-class deck of ferries but may be carried on the lower decks. The number of passengers to be carried on ferries has also been limited. Previously passengers were allowed to board the ferry up to the time of leaving, irrespective of the number of board. It is now learned that standing room for about 10 passengers only will be allowed on the first-class deck of the Star ferry which when full is believed to hold about 250 passengers. The number on the lower deck will be limited to about 300 passengers. Naval pickets at both Star ferry terminals are enforcing these new regulations. Previously passengers sometimes jumped on to the wharf before the gang plank was lowered. The pickets are preventing this haphazard form of disembarkation, which might easily lead to serious accidents. EDITORIAL The essential preliminary to internal peace in China is that government should be fully representative. The Allies fought to destroy the one party system in Europe, and there is no moral ground for its perpetuation in Asia. The official movement so far towards popular government is not very convincing. It is necessary for the Kuomintang, and for all of China's ruling class, to realise that no government has found it possible to destroy communism. China too must accommodate it: to hope to escape from that acceptance is to live in a paradise of illusion. If Communism is considered dangerous, then obviously it is better to permit it to evolve peacefully and painlessly, within the framework of democratic government, than to exclude it and thus promote an impure movement which will attract the 'have not' classes and become a scramble for power and perquisites. Of pure Communism none need be afraid; but there is much reason to dread that 'Communist partyism' which seeks to impose proletarian dictatorship at all costs. ABERDEEN FIRST Spraying of Hong Kong Begins Monday WAR WITH MALARIA If residents of Aberdeen hear a low-flying plane roar down the valley soon after dawn on Monday it will mean that the scheduled spraying of the island with DDT to eradicate the anopheles mosquito and other insect pests has begun. Surgeon-Lieut A. Kingsley Brown, R. N. V. R., Malariologist with the Combined Forces in Hong Kong, revealed yesterday that tests already carried out in Kowloon had proved eminently successful and that everything was ready now for a careful treatment of the island. The district in the vicinity of Kai Tak Aerodrome was chosen for the test. Fifty years ago Hong Kong was returning to normal after Japanese occupation. These items reflected the concerns of the day as record in the South China Morning Post.