SALARIES for managers and professional employees rose 13.9 per cent in the 12 months to June, according to a government survey. The results have sparked calls by unions for higher increases this year to junior workers. The rate is slightly down from the 14.7 per cent in the previous year. But it is higher than the findings in two recent surveys on general pay increases of all workers. A pay trend survey commissioned by the Government in May found an 11 per cent general increase, while a private sector study by the Hong Kong Institute of Human Resources Management put the figure at 10 per cent. In the latest study, employees from about 200 companies were surveyed. Salaries in the building and construction sector saw the highest rises. The nominal salary index (B) measure increased 13.9 per cent for employees remaining in their job during the period. An index (A), which also covers those who had changed jobs, registered an increase of 10.8 per cent. The Census and Statistics Department said salaries in the survey were defined to include cost-of-living allowances, guaranteed year-end bonuses, commission and tips, and other bonuses and allowances. The rise was due to general increments, meritorious increases and gains in seniority, it said. The executive secretary of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions, Tam Chun-yin, feared the gap between rich and poor was widening. 'Pay increases for general workers should be at the same level,' he said. Mr Tam said some factory workers had reported they were only offered one to two per cent pay rises. The chief economist with the Hong Kong Chamber of Commerce, Ian Perkin, said the survey result was higher than 'we would like it to be'. The chamber expected increases to be around nine per cent. Among those polled, 63 per cent were entitled to a profit-sharing bonus, 40 per cent to housing benefits and 84 per cent to a provident or retirement fund or pension. It was also found that 84 per cent were entitled to guaranteed year-end bonuses. A Wyatt Company survey revealed that Hong Kong's managers are the fifth-highest paid in the world.