CHINA has launched another attack on Japan, expressing fears about the danger of its military buildup and saying Tokyo has failed to show sufficient remorse for its history of military aggression. A commentary by Xinhua (the New China News Agency) yesterday said Japan's military expenditure was now the second highest in the world after the United States, and questioned why Japan was expanding the reach of its naval forces. At the same time, the Chinese Foreign Ministry expressed anger at the decision by the Youth Liberal Party of Japan to place an advertisement in The New York Times refuting Japanese war crimes including the Nanjing massacre. Spokesman Chen Jian said the party's claims were 'purely fictitious and will find no support in Asia or any other part of the world'. 'There are still some people in Japan who are bent on putting across their erroneous views in total disregard of historical facts,' he said. 'This shows there is still enormous work to do before Japan can get rid of its historical burden.' Xinhua said Japan could have availed itself of the opportunity provided by the 50th anniversary commemorations this year to 'come over, both in feeling and thinking, to the side of the Asian people'. China is concerned Japan now has more tanks than Britain or France and more battleships than the British or Italian navies. It also fears the upgrading of Japan's military hardware is creating a Self-Defence Force that rivals - and in cases exceeds - that of the United States in sophistication. A new generation of submarines, destroyers and combat planes are coming into operation next year, the commentary said, which 'will be among the most sophisticated in the world'. 'Japan's economic and technological superiority has become part of its military potential,' it said in an unusually forthright expression of Chinese fears about the future. 'Japan has acquired command of crucial technologies. Few people can see an obstacle to Japan's development of new weapons.' The commentary came as leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations are about to meet to consider, among other issues, the expansion of China's own naval might and fears raised by her claims over the Spratly Islands and a threat to invade Taiwan. Chinese naval exercises and nuclear testing this year have fuelled concerns East Asia may be entering an arms race while in other parts of the world the end of the Cold War has led to cuts in arms budgets. 'Among quite a few politicians, ethnic chauvinism has found its way back. They believe European and North American powers cannot rival Japan, let alone other Asian nations,' Xinhua said.