MAOIST ideologues have opened fire on a cross-section of intellectuals in Beijing, prompting fears they want to increase their turf in the run-up to the death of patriarch Deng Xiaoping. Academic institutes and media under the control of leftists, or conservative commissars, are targeting middle-aged and young scholars and cadres given to 'rightism' or bourgeois liberal values. What the ideologues call 'two types of people' have been singled out: those who advocate 'all-out Westernisation' and those who allegedly try to negate Marxism by reviving traditional Chinese learning. Sources in Beijing said the anti-leftist game plan was hatched at a secret conference held recently in Xibobo in Hebei province. While most participants were commissars from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the agenda of the meeting was to prevent the growth of rightism in party, academic and media circles. The anti-rightist campaign is being launched by commissars in the party's Propaganda Department and in leftist media such as the journals, The Mainstream and In Search of Truth. Well-known targets include rebel philosopher Li Zehou, as well as literary theorist Liu Zaifu, who left China soon after the June 4, 1989, crackdown. Their recently co-authored book, Goodbye to the Revolution, has been lambasted for casting doubts on Marxism and Maoism. Former editor of the People's Daily, Hu Jiwei, has been taken to task for singing the praises of the United States in his recent book. Among 'all-out Westernisers', Chinese Academy political scientists such as Chen Xiaoya and Yang Baikui have been laid off. At the same time, scholars who are reviving traditional Chinese culture are being taken to task for trying to sideline orthodox Marxist teachings. For example, a scholar of religion in the Chinese Academy, Chen Ming, who publishes the neo-Confucianist journal The Original Way, was reportedly pilloried at the Xibobo conference. Ideologues active in the anti-rightist movement include Chinese Academy party secretary Wang Renzhi and fellow commissars Teng Teng, Liu Baiyu, Zhu Tong, and Lin Mohan. 'Intellectuals can embrace different academic positions, but they must not stray from the guiding principles [of Marxism],' Mr Wang and others pointed out at the Xibobo meeting. Western diplomats in Beijing indicated that, so far, party General Secretary and President Jiang Zemin had not given any instructions or opinions on the inchoate anti-rightist campaign. However, units of the party Central Committee have given approval to such leftist-inspired actions as the expulsion of the Chinese Academy scholars.