MEASURES to alleviate unemployment were branded a failure yesterday when new figures showed the jobless rate remained at an 11-year high of 3.6 per cent. Unemployment in restaurants, community, social and personal services sectors improved in the three months to November. But the situation in the construction and transport sectors worsened. Underemployment improved slightly from 2.3 per cent to 2.2 per cent. A government spokesman described the situation as stable. But union leaders said the two job summits by Governor Chris Patten and other measures to fight illegal employment, expand job matching, and reduce imported workers, had not been effective. Lee Cheuk-yan, legislator and chief executive of Confederation of Trade Unions, said: 'I think the problem was that unemployed manufacturing workers failed to fill positions in the service sectors. 'A good retraining programme is a key to bridge the gap but it takes a while to take effect,' he said. Leung Fu-wah, vice-chairman of Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions, said the Government's measures were a failure. He said: 'I was totally disappointed after the two summits. The Government is trying to use administrative means to deal with the issues but it is not working.'