Mr Patten listed benchmarks against which the world can see whether Beijing measures up to its promises of autonomy for Hong Kong. Is the civil service still professional and meritocratic? Are its key positions filled by individuals who command the confidence of their colleagues and owe their appointments only to their abilities? Is the SAR government writing its own budget, or is it under pressure to respond to Beijing's objectives? Is the Monetary Authority managing the Exchange Fund without outside interference? Is Hong Kong behaving in a truly autonomous way in international economic organisations? Is the legislature passing laws in response to the aspirations of the community and the policies of the Government, or is it under pressure from Beijing? Are the courts continuing to operate without interference? Is the Independent Commission Against Corruption continuing to act vigorously against all forms of corruption, including cases in which China's interests may be involved? Is Hong Kong continuing to maintain its own network of international law enforcement liaison relationships? Is the integrity of the Hong Kong/Guangdong border being maintained? Is the Hong Kong press still free, with uninhibited coverage of China and of issues on which China has strong views? Are new constraints being imposed on freedom of assembly? Are the annual commemorations and vigils of recent years still allowed? Are foreign journalists and media organisations in Hong Kong still free to operate without controls? Is anybody being prosecuted or harassed for the peaceful expression of political, social or religious views? Are Hong Kong's legislators, at successive stages of the transition, fairly and openly elected, and truly representative of the community? Are democratic politicians continuing to play an active role in politics, or are they being excluded or marginalised by external pressure? Is the chief executive of the Special Administrative Region exercising genuine autonomy in the areas provided for in the Joint Declaration and Basic Law?