Leftists have begun to circulate a new 10,000-character letter among senior cadres warning against the deep penetration of 'bourgeois liberalisation' - Communist Party code for Western influences. The letter - the fifth by leftists in the past two years - said the trend now was worse than in 1989 when the mainland was rocked by protests against the Communist Party. The letter violently attacks provincial leaders, senior party cadres, state officials and intellectuals and accuses them of promoting and practising bourgeois liberalisation. The letter, entitled 'The Trend and Characteristics of Bourgeois Liberalisation since 1992', says the country has already paid a 'bloody price' for the 1989 protests triggered by bourgeois liberalisation. Sources said the document had been sent to General Secretary Jiang Zemin, party elders and members of the party Central Committee. The leftists argued that while bourgeois liberalisation had mainly influenced scholars, journalists, culture workers and young intellectuals in the past, it had now spread to most party and state units. 'Some provincial governors have suggested that we must give more promotion for a privatised economy. They even strongly advocate preferential treatment for private enterprises,' the letter said. 'Some municipal party secretaries have urged government departments to give the green light to facilitate 'unconventional' high growth for privately owned enterprises. They hope their cities can give birth to more millionaires and billionaires. 'Many of these senior cadres believe only capitalists can save China,' it said. Sources close to the conservative camp said the letter was a follow-up to four 10,000-character petitions that conservatives like party elder Song Ping, ideologist Deng Liqun and followers had produced since late 1995. The sources said the leftists, or remnant Maoists, had sought to influence personnel reshuffles and policy-making in the run-up to the 15th Party Congress by attacking bourgeois liberalisation and privatisation. The Maoists feared Mr Jiang might endorse the principle of converting state-owned enterprises into shareholding companies in a manifesto to be adopted at the autumn Congress. The leftists' letter cited more than 40 articles by liberal intellectuals it said encouraged bourgeois liberalisation.