Students across the country marked the anniversary of the May 4, 1919, Tiananmen Square demonstrations yesterday with government-organised celebrations over the return of Hong Kong to the motherland. In Beijing, more than 2,000 high-school students, including a delegation from the territory, lined up in front of the huge electronic clock counting the days to the handover and pledged their loyalty before releasing 1,997 white doves. More than 10,000 Beijing students gathered in the Great Hall of the People to listen to a lecture by Zhou Nan, director of Hong Kong's Xinhua office, on the change of sovereignty. Other celebrations included debates and quizzes related to the handover. In Shanghai, more than 150,000 students from 41 universities and colleges gave performances in the city square to hail the return of Hong Kong, Xinhua (the New China News Agency) said. Others watched patriotic films recommended by the Government. The May Fourth Movement was a street protest centred in Tiananmen Square that expressed outrage over the Allies' decision to give German concessions in China to Japan, and demanded China's modernisation. It led to mass strikes across the country. Although disturbances were quelled and the ringleaders temporarily imprisoned, the incident has moved into Communist Party ideology as a watershed for modern China. In Guangzhou, a gala performance was held to mark the event, Xinhua said. But apart from celebrations organised by the authorities, there was little fanfare among students. The Liberation Army Daily called on the nation's youth to follow the example of soldier Wu Guoliang. Wu, a 22-year-old from Jinan Military Region, died in August while saving 76 people from a flood. A commentary in the newspaper urged all soldiers to 'inherit the May 4 traditions' and 'study assiduously' the teachings by 'Chairman Jiang Zemin'. Xinhua described the May Fourth Movement as 'anti-imperialist and anti-feudalist' without mentioning the fact that campaigners of movement also called for China's modernisation and learning from the West.