Mainland political organisations should be banned from giving funds to political groups, the Bar Association says. It said exempting such organisations from the proposed ban on foreign political donations was clearly contrary to the notion of 'one country, two systems'. The Bar's criticism came in a submission to the Chief Executive-designate's office on Tung Chee-hwa's changes to the Societies and Public Order ordinances. Mr Tung has proposed a ban on political groups being controlled or receiving funds from foreign political organisations including those from Taiwan. But groups from the mainland, including the Communist Party, would be exempt. The association rejected claims the exemption had been made because Hong Kong was part of China. 'What is at issue is the integrity of the political system in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. This has nothing to do with national security. 'We believe the same restrictions that apply to Taiwan should apply with equal cogency to mainland political organisations.' The Bar also said the concept of national security was loosely defined and was not in line with international human rights law. It said the clause was vague and open to abuse. Staff from the Faculty of Law of the University of Hong Kong also made a submission on the two ordinances. They said the proposed legislation fell short of what was legally required by the Basic Law and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. According to the submission, national security should be confined to those situations where 'the existence of a nation or its territorial integrity or political independence is endangered by force or threat of force'. Mr Tung's definition - that national security is 'the safeguarding of the territorial integrity and the independence of the People's Republic of China' - was too vague, law scholars said. They also urged the exemption of non-political groups from the registration requirement under the new Societies (Amendment) Bill. These groups should only need to notify the Societies Officer. The Dean of the Law Faculty, Albert Chen Hung-yee, was among those who made a submission.