The changing socio-political nature of Hong Kong following its return to Chinese sovereignty has prompted a re-evaluation of the educational needs of professional people, particularly those in the banking industry. The Hong Kong Institute of Bankers, which published more than 21 titles covering the practical and academic needs of its members, had to constantly update existing books and publish new textbooks and manuals to keep its membership informed, said Cecilia Ting, the institute's chief executive officer. 'The authors are professional bankers, academics and central bankers. The books include the full spectrum, from banking law, accounting, trade financing procedures, updates on new banking practices, income tax laws and procedures, international trade, credit management and a number of other subjects relevant to the local banking industry. In many cases, these are practical guides to banking, in addition to serving as textbooks for candidates sitting for HKIB examinations,' she said. Ms Ting said a heartening factor was that many of the publications were becoming standard texts for bankers in China. 'We have four titles that are widely circulated in China. They have been adopted by the mainland's examining body, the Association of Chinese Financial Staff Education (ACFSE). The books deal with law, accounting, economics and banking. 'Our next publication, which is due any time soon, is called the Y2K Problem. This is a souvenir issue commemorating our new premises and considers the collective banking industry after the year 2000 and the major issues confronting bankers and financial institution in the 21st century. 'It is a collection of essays, presentation papers and articles by leading bankers and economists, including a paper by David Carse, deputy director of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority,' Ms Ting said. 'Also in the pipeline is a book on investment practices geared towards candidates taking our examination paper, and an updated version of the banking laws of Hong Kong, which actually contains a lot of fresh input.'